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Robert Atwan

Best american essays college ed

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The Best American Essays, College Edition: Robert Atwan

biograh an icon representing the triumph of the human spirit. Best! Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela became known and and coverage, respected all over the world as a symbol of the struggle against apartheid and all forms of racism; the icon and the hero of African liberation. Mandela or Madiba, as he was affectionately known, has been called a freedom fighter, a great man, South Africa's Favourite Son, a global icon and a living legend, among countless other names. He has been an activist, a political prisoner, South Africa's first democratically elected president, an international peacemaker and statesman, and best college, a Nobel Peace Prize winner. As a husband and a father, Mandela sacrificed the joys of family life and of seeing his children grow up. As a young man, he missed out on a normal life spent with family and friends and pursuing a career of his choice, to fight for the cause he unshakably stood for. Most ordinary South Africans knew little about Mandela during his prison years, as the apartheid government suppressed information, and what was released was biased. Limited information about Mandela was available from the essay service vancouver bc, international press, anti-apartheid activist groups and the Free Nelson Mandela campaign.

But prison bars could not prevent him from american essays continuing to inspire his people to struggle and sacrifice for their liberation. Public opinion polls repeatedly showed that he was the most popular leader the country has ever had. As the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group observed in silk road change, 1986, he had become a living legend, galvanising the essays, resistance in his country. He is the most honoured political prisoner in history. He has received prestigious international awards, the freedom of many cities and honorary degrees from several universities. Essay Writing Bc! Musicians have been inspired to compose songs and music in his honour. Major international art exhibits have been dedicated to him and some of the most prominent writers have contributed to books for best essays college ed, him and about him. Even an atomic particle has been named after him. Mandela is a universal symbol of essay over time freedom and reconciliation, an icon representing the triumph of the human spirit. During his lifetime he not only dedicated himself to the struggle of the African people, but with his humility, and best american essays college ed, his spirit of forgiveness, he captured hearts and inspired people all over the world.

As South Africans, we owe it to this great champion of our nation to continue to live by his example. Rolihlahla Nelson Mandela was born in regents, Mvezo, a village near Mthatha in the Transkei, on best ed 18 July 1918, to Nongaphi Nosekeni and Gadla Henry Mandela. His father was the key counsellor/adviser to the Thembu royal house. His Xhosa name Rolihlahla literally means pulling the branch of a tree. Essay Service! After his father's death in 1927, the young Rolihlahla became the ward of Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the acting regent of the Thembu nation. It was at the Thembu royal homestead that his personality, values and political views were shaped. Hearing the elders' stories of his ancestors' valour during the wars of resistance to colonialism, he dreamed also of making his own contribution to the freedom struggle of his people. After receiving his primary education at a local mission school, where he was given the name Nelson, he was sent to the Clarkebury Boarding Institute for his Junior Certificate and then to Healdtown, a reputable Wesleyan secondary school, where he matriculated. He then enrolled at the University College of Fort Hare for college, a Bachelor of Arts (BA) Degree where he was elected onto the Students' Representative Council.

He was suspended from college for joining a protest boycott, along with Oliver Tambo. Shortly after his return to the royal homestead, he and his cousin, Justice, ran away to Johannesburg to essay writing vancouver avoid arranged marriages and for a short period he worked as a mine policeman. Mandela was introduced to Walter Sisulu in 1941 and american essays, it was Sisulu who arranged for him to serve his articles at Lazar Sidelsky's law firm. Completing his BA through the service vancouver, University of South Africa (Unisa) in 1942, he commenced study for his Bachelor of Laws Degree shortly afterwards (though he left the University of the best ed, Witwatersrand without graduating in 1948). He entered politics in earnest while studying, and joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943. At the height of the Second World War in 1944, a small group of young Africans who were members of the ANC, banded together under the leadership of Anton Lembede. Among them were William Nkomo, Sisulu, Oliver R Tambo, Ashby P Mda and Mandela.

Starting out silk road with 60 members, all of whom were residing around the Witwatersrand, these young people set themselves the formidable task of transforming the best essays college ed, ANC into a more radical mass movement. In September 1944, they came together to found the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL). Mandela soon impressed his peers by his disciplined work and consistent effort and was elected as the league's national secretary in 1948. Through painstaking work, campaigning at the grass-roots and activism, through its mouthpiece Inyaniso (Truth), the ANCYL was able to canvass support for its policies among the ANC membership. Spurred on by the victory of the National Party, which won the 1948 all-white elections on the platform of apartheid, at best american essays, the 1949 Annual Conference, the Programme of Action, inspired by the Youth League, which advocated the weapons of boycott, strike, civil disobedience and non-cooperation, was accepted as official ANC policy. In December, Mandela was elected to the National Executive Committee at the National Conference. Immigration Be Reformed Persuasive Essay! When the ANC launched its Campaign for the Defiance of american college Unjust Laws in essays, 1952, Mandela, by then president of the Youth League, was elected national volunteer-in-chief. The Defiance Campaign was conceived as a mass civil disobedience campaign that would snowball from a core of selected volunteers to involve more and more ordinary people, culminating in best american college, mass defiance.

Fulfilling his responsibility as volunteer-in-chief, Mandela travelled the country, organising resistance to discriminatory legislation. Charged, with Moroka, Sisulu and 17 others, and silk road essay, brought to trial for his role in the campaign, the court found that Mandela and his co-accused had consistently advised their followers to essays college ed adopt a peaceful course of action and to avoid all violence. For his part in the Defiance Campaign, Mandela was convicted of contravening the Suppression of Communism Act and mit sdm, given a suspended prison sentence. Shortly after the campaign ended, he was also prohibited from attending gatherings and confined to Johannesburg for six months. In December 1952, in partnership with Tambo, Mandela opened South Africa's first black law firm in central Johannesburg. Essays College Ed! In 1953, Mandela was given the responsibility to prepare a plan that would enable the leadership of the movement to maintain dynamic contact with its membership without recourse to public meetings. The objective was to prepare for the possibility that the ANC would, like the Communist Party, be declared illegal and to ensure that the mit sdm best thesis, organisation would be able to operate from best underground.

This was the M-Plan, named after him. Essay Time! During the best, early 1950s, Mandela played an important part in leading the resistance to the Western Areas removals, and to essay time the introduction of best american Bantu Education. He also played a significant role in popularising the Freedom Charter, adopted by essay writing vancouver bc, the Congress of the People in 1955. During the whole of the 1950s, Mandela was the victim of various forms of repression. He was banned, arrested and imprisoned. A five-year banning order was enforced against him in ed, March 1956. Economics, Activism And Coverage! For much of the latter half of the 1950s, Mandela was one of the 156 accused in the mammoth Treason Trial. After the Sharpeville Massacre on 21 March 1960, the ANC was outlawed, and Mandela, still on trial, was detained, along with hundreds of others. The Treason Trial collapsed in 1961 as South Africa was being steered towards the adoption of a republic. With the ANC now illegal, the leadership picked up the threads from its underground headquarters and Nelson Mandela emerged as the leading figure in this new phase of struggle.

Forced to american college live apart from his family, moving from place to place to evade detection by the Government's ubiquitous informers and police spies, Mandela had to activism and coverage adopt a number of best american essays college disguises. Change Over Time! Sometimes dressed as a labourer, Politicsat other times as a chauffeur, his successful evasion of the police earned him the title of the Black Pimpernel. It was during this time that he, together with other leaders of the american essays college, ANC, constituted a new section of the liberation movement, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), as an armed nucleus with a view to Economics, activism and coverage preparing for armed struggle, with Mandela as its commander-in-chief. Essays College! In 1962, Mandela left the country as David Motsamayi, and travelled abroad for several months. Writing! In Ethiopia, he addressed the Conference of the best essays college ed, Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and activism, Central Africa, and was warmly received by best, senior political leaders in several countries, including the history, then Tanganyika, Senegal, Ghana and Sierra Leone.

He also spent time in London. During this trip, Mandela met with the first group of 21 MK recruits on american ed their way to Addis Ababa for guerrilla training. Not long after his return to South Africa, Mandela was arrested, on 5 August, and charged with illegal exit from the country, and incitement to strike. Mandela was convicted and sentenced to five years imprisonment. He was transferred to Robben Island in May 1963 only to be brought back to Pretoria again in July. Not long afterwards, he encountered Thomas Mashifane, the foreman from Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia where MK had set up their headquarters. He knew then that their hide-out had been discovered. A few days later, he and 10 others were charged with sabotage. The Rivonia Trial, as it came to be known, lasted eight months. Mandela's statement in court during the trial is a classic in the history of the resistance to apartheid, and and coverage, has been an inspiration to all who have opposed it. He ended with these words: I have fought against american essays ed white domination, and I have fought against black domination.

I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die. All but two of the accused were found guilty and silk essay change time, sentenced to american ed life imprisonment on 12 June 1964. The black prisoners were flown secretly to Robben Island immediately after the trial was over to begin serving their sentences.

In March 1982, after 18 years, he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town (with Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and Andrew Mlangeni) and in December 1988, he was moved to the Victor Verster Prison near Paarl, from where he was eventually released. While in prison, Mandela flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for mit sdm best thesis, remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantustan policy by recognising the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to best american college settle there. Again in the 1980s, Mandela and others rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. Nevertheless, Mandela did initiate talks with the apartheid regime in 1985, when he wrote to then Minister of Justice, Kobie Coetsee. They first met later that year when Mandela was hospitalised for prostate surgery. Shortly after this, he was moved to a single cell at Pollsmoor and this gave Mandela the chance to and coverage start a dialogue with the Government which took the form of talks about talks. Throughout this process, he was adamant that negotiations could only best essays college ed, be carried out by the full ANC leadership.

Released on 11 February 1990, Mandela plunged wholeheartedly into his life's work, striving to attain the goals he and regents history, others had set out almost four decades earlier. In 1991, at the first national conference of the american, ANC held inside South Africa after being banned for decades, Nelson Mandela was elected president of the over, ANC while his lifelong friend and colleague, Oliver Tambo, became the organisation's national chairperson. In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit, Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize (along with FW de Klerk) on behalf of best american essays all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much to bring peace to our land. The era of apartheid formally came to an end on 27 April 1994, when Nelson Mandela voted for the first time in his life along with his people. However, long before that date, it had become clear, even before the start of the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (Codesa) negotiations at the World Trade Centre in Kempton Park, that the ANC was increasingly charting the future of should laws be reformed persuasive South Africa. Rolihlahla Nelson Dalibunga Mandela was inaugurated as President of a democratic South Africa on 10 May 1994. In his inauguration speech, he said: We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free. Best American College! Their dreams have become reality. Freedom is activism their reward. We are both humbled and elevated by the honour and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first President of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist government. In June 1999, Nelson Mandela retired from the Presidency of best essays college South Africa.

But although he retired as President of immigration South Africa, he worked tirelessly, campaigning globally for american essays college, peace, children and the fight against HIV/Aids in particular. Be Reformed Persuasive Essay! Shortly before his 86th birthday in June 2004, Mandela officially retired from public life. American College! However, he did not retreat from global working for best american essays college ed, the good of the world as a testimony to his sharp political intellect, wisdom and unrelenting commitment to make the world a better place, Mandela formed the prestigious group of Elders, an independent group of over time eminent global leaders, who offer their collective influence and experience to support peace-building, help address major causes oh human suffering and promote the shared interest of humanity.

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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. Best American. We’ve decided to provide them to you for free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to the point? Then you’ve come to the right place.

Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Silk Road Essay Over Time. Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for best american college ed, calling it Classic. First, it’s our oldest resume template. Thesis. Second — and more importantly it’s the most versatile one out of best essays ed, our entire library. This is mit sdm best not a fancy resume template in american college ed, the slightest. Service Vancouver Bc. It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and unpretentious. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs. The content of essays ed, your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job.

The beauty of the laws be reformed, Classic is best american college ed that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for maximum clarity and readability. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack. Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to better integrate its and laws be reformed, mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the best american essays ed, Chicago template’s use of should immigration essay, page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the american essays college ed, Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and activism and coverage, types of employment.

Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is college ed if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. Essay Vancouver. City, state, and employment dates placed in ed, a separate column on the right. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This one’s pretty simple – initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings. Naturally, we associated green with the Irish. Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on with the immigration laws, city name formula.

Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and best american ed, demanded more choices. Regents Essays. But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by best college, 1.05pt for an interesting effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to essay writing service download.

The Dublin template pack. Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is infused with a soft and gentle touch, and stands out as being particularly well crafted. College Ed. That’s why it’s one of our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of global, you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to appreciate the Elegant template’s style and formatting.

It’s easy to american essays read, clear, and makes great use of immigration be reformed, white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of best american essays college ed, you applying for positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in essays on biomes, headers expanded by 2.8pt, and name by american ed, 4.8, giving the “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Elegant template pack. Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and readability.

She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to help save space, and silk, have large enough text to be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy. If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and american, paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to be written. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27?

Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and activism, Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to essays college ed those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc. For this new breed of professional comes a new breed of on biomes, resume template: the best essays ed, Modern.

Sporting a very “flat” design, the Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of formatting and style to mit sdm best produce a template that is anything but “classic”. The modern is all about best american college ed efficiency and laws be reformed persuasive essay, simplicity. The contact details, job headings and american essays ed, skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and essay, aesthetically appealing form. This resume template looks equally good in printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is perfect for those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template.

Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to download. The Modern template pack. Milano is how Italians refer to essays college their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, it’s fashion industry.

The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to should laws be reformed persuasive one degree or another. This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to best american college produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well. Similar to how a cup of essays, coffee with just the right amount of cream is not too rich but not to bitter is perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano template’s style and formatting is american essays ed eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is immigration persuasive essay suitable for best american college ed, many different professionals across many different industries.

According to Resume Genius stats, the Milano seems to be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out vancouver bc, amongst the other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the american essays college, Milano and customizing it with your own information for thesis, your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious?

If that’s the case, then the best american, Park template below is the perfect option for silk road essay time, you. Download this subtle and classy resume template and best essays college ed, edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from thesis you favorite coffee shop. You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. American Ed. Sitting next to him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen. The atmosphere, the season, the resume; they all seem to activism be in perfect harmony. Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park.

Whether in its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in that it harmonious blends just the right amount of styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to best essays college ed produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the Economics, activism and coverage, difference between a Windsor and a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and best college, John Coltrane, and for the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference. Economics, And Coverage. The Park is best american ed not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to silk road over time your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in best college ed, the header of the immigration laws be reformed, resume, with a large margin between the best essays, top of the page and the applicant’s name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and essay writing service vancouver, measured use of breaks and best ed, lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Left aligned text. Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download. The Park template pack.

resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. Good luck!

I am trying to mit sdm thesis decide what to use as a professional massage therapist. American Essays Ed. Thanks. Check out our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on regents essays global history the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable.

Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard?

I recently graduated, about a year and best essays ed, a half ago and I am looking to and coverage break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for american ed, a television producer? Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the right way to go. Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for mit sdm, executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry.

I’m BCA graduate. Try the ‘Chicago’ on for size. Good luck on american essays the job hunt! which template suitable for internship? which template is silk road essay over time suitable for a project manager. Which template is suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt! What resume is best ed most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is Economics, activism and coverage hoping to change careers to essays ed an Executive Asst.

HI, what resume is suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of those professions. Silk Essay Change. Good luck! The decision is best american really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best.

Good luck! Thank you very much for should immigration be reformed essay, sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the ‘Elegant’ Template. Best American Essays College Ed. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant?

Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either… The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples.

Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. It offers plenty of immigration be reformed, space for american college ed, you to include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you don’t know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. Good luck on the job hunt!

Any of the resumes above could be used for activism and coverage, someone with a criminal history, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the american essays college ed, ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on how to address criminal history in essays history, a cover letter: Try using the ‘Park’ template. Good luck with finding an internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: Good luck on best essays the internship. What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of best thesis, resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to american college ed a more career building one?

The ‘Park’ template would be an appropriate choice. Good luck with the career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC? We’d suggest going with the activism, ‘Modern’ template. Best of luck finding an american HVAC job.

which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for essays on biomes, a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and best american ed, a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the ‘Milano’ template. Essays On Biomes. Good luck!

What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from american college a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position?

You should visit our nurse resume sample page: You can download the example and fill in laws be reformed, your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of resume will you recommend for best college ed, a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at should immigration laws be reformed, home mom returning to work? Good luck on american college ed the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this!

I’ll use the Harvard Resume Template. Thesis. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is to: 2. Make your education section strong, and best essays, include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to the position to which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the essays on biomes, job done. Best. Good luck!

With all of Economics, activism and coverage, that experience, you have some flexibility! When in doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. Enjoy the fresh start, and best of best, luck with the essays history, job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for essays ed, a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging? All staff must re-apply. All of immigration laws be reformed persuasive essay, these resume templates are perfect for someone in your situation – it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to prove the best american college, value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to make the should immigration be reformed persuasive, content of your resume stand out: Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Best. Check out this link and silk road change over time, see if one jumps out at you: Good luck with your career!

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The Review of English Studies Prize Essay : The Satanic ‘or’: Milton and american essays college ed, Protestant Anti-Allegorism. Vladimir Brljak; The Review of essay service, English Studies Prize Essay : The Satanic ‘or’: Milton and Protestant Anti-Allegorism, The Review of English Studies , Volume 66, Issue 275, 1 June 2015, Pages 403–422, Download citation file: © 2017 Oxford University Press. In an often quoted but imperfectly understood passage in John Milton’s Paradise Regain’d , Satan professes to american, doubt whether the kingdom portended for Christ is ‘Real or Allegoric’. This article takes this passage, the Economics, and coverage only instance of the term allegory in the whole of Milton’s poetry, as a starting point for a reconsideration of Milton’s attitude towards the complex and controversial theological, political, and aesthetic issues raised by this term in early modern Protestant culture. Specifically, the article examines the usage of the term in ed, Milton’s early prose writings and its abandonment from 1645 onwards; Milton’s familiarity with the disputes surrounding Galatians 4:24, a biblical verse of central importance in regents history, early modern treatments of the subject; and an overlooked tradition in Protestant commentary according to which allegorical reading was introduced into Christianity by Satan, in order to obscure the essays ed true meaning of scripture.

Having firmly aligned Milton with the anti-allegorical tendency in essays, Protestant thought, the discussion returns to ed, Paradise Regain’d to road, demonstrate how this anti-allegorism informs a number of key passages in the poem, and essays college ed, briefly discusses its broader implications for the ongoing debates about the representational mode of Milton’s biblical epics. Towards the end of John Milton’s Paradise Regain’d , Satan claims that he has consulted the stars in order to foresee Christ’s future: ‘A Kingdom they portend thee’, he says, ‘but what Kingdom, / Real or Allegoric I discern not’ (4.389-90). 1 The lines go without substantial commentary in most editions of the poem and the overall import of the passage is road change over, clear enough: Satan either genuinely fails to comprehend the true significance of the kingdom, or only pretends so in another futile effort to tempt Christ. The verses are of interest, however, for college, being the should essay only instance in the whole of best american college, Milton’s poetry where not only the concept of what might be called allegory is silk road essay change, invoked, but where a form of the actual word, allegory , is employed. What, if anything, is to be made of essays, this? Is it significant that the single time Milton uses the term allegory in all of his literary work it is mit sdm thesis, put into the mouth of Satan—and if so, what is the significance? According to almost all previous commentary, the answer is ‘no’: Satan’s word choice is relatively unimportant and ‘Allegoric’ should here be taken in american essays ed, a broad sense indistinguishable from such neighbouring concepts as ‘figurative’ or ‘typological’, or perhaps simply as the opposite of ‘real’, i.e. ‘unreal’, ‘imaginary’.

The latter, for example, was the view of Northrop Frye—‘for Satan the thesis material is real and the spiritual is imaginary or, as he says, “allegoric” ’—and is the gloss adopted in the Variorum : ‘ Allegoric . Figurative […] and hence unreal’. 2 But if nothing more is intended, then why choose this technical, confessionally-sensitive, and otherwise methodically-avoided term over best college, various other unproblematic possibilities? More recently, the passage has been revisited by critics who approach Milton’s epics as fundamentally allegorical in character, and who therefore have a particular interest in defusing its potentially unpleasant implications. Thus according to Mindele Anne Treip, in what remains the most extensive commentary on these verses, Satan uses the term ‘allegoric’ here partly in a general sense of service bc, ‘figurative’ or metaphorical, partly (with unconscious or ironic allusion to the Old Testament tradition of essays college ed, messianic prophecy) in the older theological sense of ‘typical’ (typological). Essay Service? […] What is american essays, most intriguing about Satan’s statement is its either/or aspect. Essay Writing Bc? If the kingdom is ‘real’ it cannot be figurative, and if it is figurative then it cannot be ‘real’; the two have to be mutually exclusive. Yet in traditional scriptural multi-layered reading and certainly in typological reading such was not the college case.

The historical or ‘literal’ level of should immigration be reformed essay, truth remained always perceived in the background, and in typology directly present. Type and antitype are both historically real, while they both also participate in american essays college, a kind of mutual correspondence […]. Both are ‘real’ and simultaneously ‘allegoric’. 3. Satan is an allegorist, then, but he is silk change, a bad allegorist, and by ‘ironically expos[ing]’ his ‘narrow literal-mindedness’ Milton is instructing us how to approach allegorical literature correctly, including, supposedly, his own allegorical epics. Anticipated by mid-twentieth-century studies that had presented Satan as ‘the arch-literalist’ in best american, the poem, Treip’s reading in turn anticipates later arguments along similar lines, for example by Judith H. Anderson, who also reads ‘Real or Allegoric’ as ‘yet another of Satan’s pernicious, simplistic binaries, […] equat[ing] allegory with abstraction, fable, and Idea alone, ignoring its defining doubleness’. 4 Such readings have an advantage over earlier ones in mit sdm, foregrounding the college ed potential interest in Economics,, the use of best american essays, ‘Allegoric’, but they still fail to account for on biomes, what is, as shown below, a unique and deliberate usage of this theologically and politically-sensitive term. However attractive to some modern critics, the idea of allegory as defined by a non-reductive ‘doubleness’, or of the term being used interchangeably with figure or type , would have been deeply problematic to many seventeenth-century Protestant readers, and best essays, all the evidence suggests that Milton is to be counted among them, at least as far as the final 3 decades of his career are concerned.

Against this prevailing opinion that the usage in Paradise Regain’d is laws be reformed essay, either insignificant or reflects, through ironic contrast with Satan’s misuse of the term, Milton’s own predilection for allegory, I argue here that exactly the opposite is the case—that the usage is significant, and that it is best american college ed, significant precisely because it reflects Milton’s hostility towards allegory. 5 In order to substantiate this reading, the article demonstrates Milton’s firm alignment with the anti-allegorical tendency in Protestant hermeneutics, including what might be called the Satanic allegory topos—an overlooked tradition in Protestant commentary which specifically claims that allegorical reading is the work of Satan, who introduced it into Christian hermeneutics in order to activism and coverage, obscure the true meaning of scripture. The passage in best college ed, Paradise Regain’d draws on this tradition and mit sdm thesis, there is much more to college, it than previous criticism has acknowledged: what we are meant to be witnessing here is the very birth of Christian allegoresis, the precise moment at which this method of interpretation, which would go on to have such a profound impact on the ensuing development of Christianity, and consequently the world at large, first emerges in essays on biomes, history. The principal context for best ed, such an understanding of the essays on biomes passage is the tendency within Protestant hermeneutics to dismiss, at least nominally, allegorical interpretation of the essays college ed Bible in favour of an approach which may be exemplified by Milton’s own opinion on the subject in De doctrina Christiana : ‘The sense of each scriptural passage is single; in regents global history, the Old Testament, though, it is often a compound of the historical and typological’ ( OW 8: 389). 6 This is not to say that either the american essays college ed concept of allegorical reading, or even the silk term allegory itself, were necessarily anathema to every single Protestant commentator. In practice, things were rarely as simple as definitions like Milton’s made them seem, and Protestant interpreters often resorted to essays college, readings which can be plausibly described as allegorical, even when they preferred not to call them so, especially with those books of the mit sdm Bible which were generally considered to be particularly esoteric in their mode of expression. 7 Alternatively, one could still employ the term, provided certain restrictions or qualifications were clearly acknowledged: for example, on best american college ed, the condition that the ‘allegorical’ interpretation was proposed within the regents global history scriptural text itself, or that the ‘allegorical’ sense was defined as a subset or aspect of the one ‘literal’ sense rather than a separate sense in its own right, or that it was not understood as the actual meaning of a scriptural text but merely its homiletic application—or any combination of these and still other available loopholes, most of which had been around in various permutations since medieval or even early patristic times. 8. In theory, however, the distinction was for the most part clear: unlike typology, allegory presumes multiple senses, and thus denies, or is felt to deny, the historical reality of the persons and events signified by the principal or literal sense, replacing the true meaning of scripture by man-made fabrications. College Ed? By contrast, mainstream Protestantism taught that the scripture has only a single, literal or historical sense, although the characters and essays, events thereby signified may, especially in the Old Testament, prefigure those of best essays college ed, a later time.

Indeed, the fact that in actual practice the difference between allegory , type , mystery , and Economics, activism, other related terms, was often blurred probably only encouraged a ‘narcissism of small differences’, making such theoretical and terminological distinctions vital to the construction and preservation of best essays college ed, confessional identities. As a result, allegory became—again, not universally and unequivocally, but to a considerable degree nevertheless—a branded word and a focus of extensive, complex, and often acrimonious debate. The contradictions and vacillations inherent in the Protestant position in this debate may be illustrated by the use of allegory and its derivatives in Milton’s own prose writings of the early 1640s. Even at this date the term is rarely used: only seven instances are found, 9 of which two are irrelevant here, as he term is employed in a purely literary or rhetorical sense. Service Vancouver Bc? This is the case with one of the three instances in passages added to the 1644 edition of The Doctrine and ed, Discipline of Divorce ( YP 2: 223) and the single instance in De doctrina , occurring in the following caveat in the chapter on predestination: ‘of assignment to life—if one must rely on metaphors and allegories in so contentious a matter—frequent mention is made, and of the book of life, but none anywhere of the book of death’ ( OW 8: 25-6). This has been cited as evidence of Economics, activism, Milton’s acceptance of scriptural allegoresis, 10 yet on closer inspection the american essays ed passages in question are all revealed to be instances of the metaphor of the book of life and other variations on ‘this figure of writing’.

Indeed, the disclaimer is prompted by immigration laws be reformed essay Milton’s own use of best american essays college, such a metaphor (echoing Isaiah 4:3), for ‘assignment to life’ is really ‘ascriptione […] ad vitam’. 11 In other words, the term allegory is regents essays, meant here in the rhetorical rather than the hermeneutical sense: an extension of the simple metaphor of the ‘book of life’ (e.g. Best American Essays College Ed? Philippians 4:3) into a series of regents essays, related metaphors (e.g. Psalms 69:28). There are thus, in college, addition to Paradise Regain’d , five relevant instances of the word ‘allegory’ in the whole of Milton’s work: one in the 1641 Animadversions , one in the 1642 Reason of Church-Government , two in the 1644 Doctrine and Discipline , and one in the 1645 Colasterion . Each of these displays a different facet of Milton’s engagement with the term and its various aspects and connotations. As already noted above (n. 5), the instance in Animadversions relates to Revelation—‘the whole Booke’, Milton writes, ‘soares to a Prophetick pitch in types, and Allegories’ ( YP 1: 714)—and must be approached with an awareness of the exceptionally esoteric status accorded to this text, even in Protestant commentary. In Church-Government we find him distinguishing between an silk road time authentic and an inauthentic allegorical interpretation, as he sees them, ridiculing his opponents for best college ed, attempting ‘to straine us a certaine figurative Prelat, by wringing the regents global history collective allegory of those seven Angels into seven single Rochets’ ( YP 1: 778, see note).

In Doctrine and Discipline he similarly engages with a previous allegorical reading by american college Philo, this time implying an understanding of allegory as a homiletic application of scripture rather than its actual meaning—apparently Philo’s interpretation is not so much wrong, as Milton’s is essays global history, ‘haply more significant’ ( YP 2: 288). 12 The other instance in the same work is of interest for designating as ‘allegorick’ not passages of scripture, or any other text, but what he terms ‘precepts of beneficence fetcht out of the closet of nature’ ( YP 2: 273). Of particular significance is the instance in the Colasterion , where Milton is responding to criticism and is therefore particularly explicit about his methodology and its underlying premises. The obviously opportunistic interpretation in question, turning two agricultural precepts at Deuteronomy 22:9-10 into precepts against joining incompatible personalities in marriage, was first proposed in Doctrine and Discipline , where it is not called allegorical ( YP 2: 270). Ed? It was then challenged in some detail in mit sdm, the anonymous Answer to Milton’s treatise, and it is in responding to this rebuttal in the Colasterion that he refers to american essays college, the Deuteronomy verses as ‘ allegorical ’ ( YP 2: 751). 13 On both occasions he goes to great lengths to maintain that he is following the best Protestant practice in discerning such a meaning: he is not acting on his own impulse, twisting an on biomes allegory out of an college otherwise intelligible passage to suit his polemical interests, and he is not discerning this allegory by his own fallible intellect but is merely clarifying what is already suggested elsewhere in the scripture. Be that as it may, it is to be strongly emphasized that the chief relevance of all this in approaching Satan’s ‘Real or Allegoric’ in laws be reformed essay, Paradise Regain’d lies in its irrelevance. At most, these examples show that early in his career Milton occasionally used the term in his non-literary work, in senses which range from the purely rhetorical or literary to best american essays ed, those displaying a keen awareness of the strictures placed on figurative interpretation in Protestant hermeneutics.

None of best thesis, this, however, to go back to Flannagan’s comment, can be taken to best american college ed, exemplify his ‘customary’ use of the term. Rather, what is customary, especially in should immigration, the last three decades of Milton’s career, is precisely the term’s disuse. American? Even though the writings from this period account for the majority of activism, hermeneutic terminology found in Milton’s work, the word allegory virtually disappears from his vocabulary. The five relevant instances of allegory are put into perspective by over a hundred instances of comparable terminology elsewhere in best american essays college, the prose, notably in De doctrina . 14 In the poetry, the widest range of laws be reformed persuasive essay, such terminology is best essays ed, found in activism, Paradise Lost : we hear of ‘types’, ‘shadowes’, and ‘shadowie Types’ (1.405, 12.232-3, 303), of things ‘mysteriously […] meant’ or presented ‘in mysterious terms’ (3.516, 10.173), of events ‘foretold’ and ‘Oracle[s] […] verifi’d’ (10.182, 191), of actions undertaken ‘in figure’ (12.241) of those to come, of best american, accounts related ‘By lik’ning spiritual to corporal forms’ (5.573), of understandings passing ‘from Flesh to Spirit’ (12.303), of texts ‘not but by the Spirit understood’ (12.514)—but not of allegory . Best? Except in Paradise Regain’d , Milton never used the term in its hermeneutical sense after 1645. 15 Adapting a passage in best college, Wolleb where allegoria is service vancouver, listed among the types of figurative language that cannot be charged with falsehood, he removes it from the list. Best American Essays? 16 The simplest explanation for all this is service, that he came to view the term as controversial and joined many of his fellow Protestants in using it sparely or abandoning it altogether. Just how controversial the term could be is vividly illustrated by an event from December 1655, when an Englishman was sent to prison for believing that the Bible was to be read allegorically.

Admittedly, this particular Englishman, the itinerant nonconformist preacher Richard Coppin, harboured many other curious beliefs and had been preaching about them for several months in Kent before he was finally examined, found guilty of breaching the american essays college 1650 Blasphemy Act, and sentenced to six months’ imprisonment. 17 Besides believing that the Bible was an mit sdm best thesis allegory, Coppin also believed that there was no local heaven or hell, that baptism, good and bad deeds were all equally irrelevant to salvation, that God will destroy the sin but not the sinner, and ultimately, “ That all mankind, Jew or Gentile, and what ever they are, how ever they live, or dye, shall be saved ”. 18 But if these sound like far graver blasphemies than Coppin’s hermeneutics, they are often premised precisely on his allegorical readings of scripture, and it is best ed, no coincidence that of the twenty-five articles of his arraignment, it is the very first that reads: ‘ That all the Scriptures is but an Allegory, that is all, said he, both Law and Gospel, and that it is nothing but an Allegory, said he, it is essays on biomes, clear from Gal.4.24.’ 19. Coppin’s position was undoubtedly radical, yet it is still instructive in several ways: it shows that the question of scriptural allegoresis was not merely a theological but also a deeply political and even, in best american essays ed, such extreme circumstances, legal matter; it reminds us that scriptural allegoresis was not, in Protestant eyes, associated exclusively with Papist but also with nonconformist heresy; finally, it exemplifies the central importance of the scriptural passage to which Coppin appealed, Galatians 4:24. The reason why the over passage was so important is simple: it contained the only use of a form of the word allegory in the whole of the Bible. Best College Ed? At this place in the epistle, Paul not only gives an essay writing service bc arguably allegorical interpretation of the best american college account of Abraham’s sons in the Book of Genesis, but explicitly calls it ‘allegorical’: ‘????? ????? ?????????????’, ‘all of mit sdm best thesis, which is spoken allegorically’, which had for centuries been rendered by the Vulgate as ‘Quae sunt per allegoriam dicta’, ‘Which things are said by best american essays college ed an allegory’, a reading effectively reaffirmed by Erasmus’s translation of Economics, and coverage, 1516, ‘qu? p[er] allegoria[m] dicunt[ur]’. 20 As might be expected, Roman Catholics and nonconformists like Coppin cited this place in support of their allegorical interpretations, while their claims were wholly or partially disputed by best their Protestant opponents. 21. Graphic testimony to essay writing service, these disputes is american college, found in the early English translations of the verse (Table 1). In spite of the fact that some form of the English word allegory was the obvious choice for rendering Paul’s ?????????????, and that both the Vulgate and Erasmus rendered it by best thesis the Latin allegoria , Tyndale and Coverdale refuse to let this word into their renditions, translating, respectively, ‘Which thing[es] betoken mistery’ and ‘These wordes betoken somwhat’. 22 Tyndale’s version survived when his text of the New Testament was included in the 1537 Matthew Bible and the Tyndale-Erasmus diglot edition of 1538, the latter affording a particularly explicit instance of the conflict, with Tyndale’s English, ‘Whiche thynges betoken mistery’, directly facing Erasmus’s Latin, ‘que per american college ed, allegoriam dicuntur’. A change occurs, however, in another diglot edition of the same year, printing a new translation by Coverdale parallel with the Vulgate, in writing service vancouver bc, which this verse is revised to include, for the first time in best american college, an English version, the word allegory : ‘[the] which thynges are spoken by an allegory’.

This reading is then retained in Taverner’s Bible, the Great Bible, and the Bishops’ Bible, and is repeated in substance in essay change, the King James Bible. Some early English versions of Gal. 4:24, divided into those which avoid and those which employ the term ‘allegory’. The editions cited, in chronological order, are The New Testament: A Facsimile of the 1526 Edition , tr. W. Tyndale, intro. D. Daniell (London, 2008); Biblia. The Bible that is, the holy Scripture … ([Antwerp], 1535); The Byble which is all the holy Scripture … ([Antwerp], 1537); The newe Testament in Englyshe in Latin … (London, 1538); The newe testament both Latine and Englyshe … (Southwark, 1538); The Most Sacred Bible … (London, 1539); The Byble in essays college, Englyshe … ([London], 1539); The Byble, that is to say all the holy Scripture … (London, 1549); The seconde tome or volume of the Paraphrase of essays, Erasmus vpon the newe testament … , [tr. Essays? M. Coverdale and J. Olde] (London, 1549); The Nevve Testament of regents history, Ovr Lord Iesus Christ … (Geneva, 1557); The Bible and american college, Holy Scriptvres Conteyned in the Olde and Newe Testament (Geneva, 1560); The holie Bible (London, [1568]); The Nevv Testament of essays on biomes, Ovr Lord Iesvs Christ Translated ovt of Greeke by best american essays Theod. Beza … , tr. L. Tomson (London, 1576); The Nevv Testament of Iesvs Christ … (Rheims, 1582); The Holy Bible … (London, 1611); Giovanni Diodati, Piovs Annotations Vpon the Holy Bible … (London, 1644); Meric Casaubon et al. , Annotations Upon all the writing vancouver bc Books of the Old and college ed, New Testament … (London, 1645); The Dutch Annotations Upon the whole Bible … , tr.

T. Haak (London, 1657). The Great Bible continued to essay, be printed in the reign of Edward VI, alongside further allegory-free renditions of the Galatians verse. The so-called Becke’s Bibles—revisions of the Matthew and Taverner versions produced between 1549 and 1551, apparently by the staunchly Protestant Edmund Becke—revert back to Tyndale’s version. Around 1552, Richard Jugge’s revision of Tyndale’s New Testament contains another juxtaposition of the variants: the best american essays college ed text is still Tyndale’s, ‘Which thynges betoken mystery’, but a marginal note adds that ‘Some read: whiche thinges are spoken in an allegorye’. 23 In 1557, the translation of on biomes, William Whittingham, a Marian exile in american college ed, Geneva, gives ‘By the which thinges another thing is me[n]t’, a rendering adopted three years later in the Geneva Bible, as well as in Laurence Tomson’s 1576 English translation of Theodore Beza’s Latin version of 1565. Predictably, the Rheims New Testament of 1582 responds to service vancouver bc, Geneva’s provocation not only by translating allegory but also appending a note adducing the passage as scriptural warrant for essays college ed, allegorical reading. Equally predictably, this note receives an extensive rebuttal by Fulke, who allows the story of Abraham’s sons a typological significance—it is ‘a figure or paterne of the Church to come’—but insists that the passage in no way presents a warrant ‘to draw the Scriptures from the sense of the wordes which you call the literall sense, to any allegoricall interpretation, which is fayned and counterfected in mans brayne, and hath no ground of the spirit of mit sdm best thesis, God’. 24 Fulke’s moderate position seems typical of many Church of England divines: he follows the best ed reading of the Bishops’ Bible and takes no quarrel with the use of the term as such, yet insists that ‘the Apostle in this place vsing the terme of allegory, meaneth no such descanting vpon the activism and coverage Scripture’ as Catholic interpreters indulge in, that ‘prefigurations differ much from allegoricall interpretation’, and that even ‘if we should admit that the best american ed apostle, who was certeine of the sense of the Holy ghost, did make an allegorical interpretation, yet it is not lawfull for essays, euery man’, who ‘hath no such assurance’, to best college, do so.

There can be no doubt that Milton was aware of these variant readings and the disputes they reflected. Mit Sdm? Not only were they present in the two major vernacular versions, the Geneva and the King James Version, 25 but also in Latin and polyglot editions, including the version of the New Testament that Hale and Cullington ( OW 8: xlvii-li) identify as the one principally consulted by Milton in composing De doctrina , namely Beza’s, in the Geneva edition of 1598, printing the Greek, the Vulgate, and Beza’s own Latin translation in parallel columns, with Erasmus’s translation sometimes supplied in the notes. Against all these, Beza’s translation of Galatians 4:24 still reads, as it did in the original edition of 1556, ‘Per qu? aliud figuratur’. Best College? 26 The 1598 edition also contains features that would have lent further prominence to the passage, including additions to the already extensive commentary on the verse, and even a schematic representation of Beza’s clarification of Paul’s ‘allegory’ (Figure 1). Beza’s schematic representation of Paul’s interpretation in the 1598 edition; reproduced by the kind permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library. Similar schemes are given for only two other passages, Rom. 7:1-6 and 2 Cor.

5:1-10; cf. Jan Krans, Beyond What Is Written: Erasmus and Beza as Conjectural Critics of the New Testament (Leiden, 2006), 279. Beza’s schematic representation of Paul’s interpretation in history, the 1598 edition; reproduced by the kind permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library. Best American Ed? Similar schemes are given for be reformed essay, only two other passages, Rom. 7:1-6 and 2 Cor.

5:1-10; cf. Jan Krans, Beyond What Is Written: Erasmus and Beza as Conjectural Critics of the best american essays college New Testament (Leiden, 2006), 279. What did Milton make of all this? The banishment of the word allegory from his post-1645 vocabulary gives us one clue and writing service, further evidence is found between the lines of a quotation of Galatians 4:24 he gives in De doctrina . Best American College Ed? Discussing the abolishment of the old law, Milton gathers a number of proof texts, including Galatians, v. 24, about Hagar and Sarah: these women are those two covenants: […] Hagar […] producing offspring for thesis, slavery ; the other , v. 26, […] is free ; hence v. 30: cast out the slave-girl and her son, for best american essays, in no way shall the slave-girl’s son be an heir with the freewoman’s son ( OW 8: 320). Essays? 27.

Obviously the quotation is best essays college, highly elliptical, as are most of the essay writing service vancouver bc thousands of biblical references and quotations which make up for half of the text of De doctrina . On closer view, however, there are strong indications of a particular logic behind the best american truncations that cannot be wholly ascribed to writing service bc, economy. Not only does Milton fail to cite the beginning of 4:24, containing the troublesome hapax , but he avoids using any hermeneutical terminology on his own part, limiting himself to the utterly indifferent ‘about’ and ‘hence’, and letting the whole weight of the interpretation to fall on Paul’s seemingly innocuous but in fact highly significant ‘ are ’. The significance of this ‘ are ’ becomes clearer in the light of Milton’s discussion of sacramental language in the following chapter of the treatise. The discussion is occasioned by the treatment of the Lord’s Supper, which inevitably revolves around the interpretation of the words attributed to Christ in the Synoptic Gospels and 1 Corinthians 11:24-5, notably the key phrase, ‘this is my body’. In keeping with Reformed orthodoxy, and drawing on Wolleb, Milton argues that these words and best ed, similar sacramental expressions elsewhere in mit sdm best, the Bible are to be taken figuratively, and vehemently dismisses the best doctrines of transubstantiation and should essay, consubstantiation ( OW 8: 354). However, he also steers clear of the other extreme—that sacramental expressions are merely figurative—arguing that they employ a special mode of figuration not encountered in other types of discourse. 28 Specifically, sacramental figuration is the best essays college ed same in kind as that employed in other contexts, but not in degree: ‘in the case of the sacraments, […] the relation between signifier and the thing signified is very close [ summa ]’, and essays on biomes, sometimes even closer, for ‘it seems the biblical writers used this manner of speaking to american ed, signify not only a very close [ summam ] correspondence between signifiers and the things signified, but also an absolutely sure sealing of road essay over time, spiritual things [ certissimam rerum spiritualium obsignationem ]’ ( OW 8: 354-6). This and other finer points in Milton’s treatment of the sacraments are beyond the scope of the present study, but the remainder of this passage is of direct relevance to the truncated quotation from Galatians. ‘Hence’, he continues, the same way of speaking has also been transferred to the signifying of all other absolutely sure things [ res certissimas ]: Gen. 41: 27: the seven cows […] are seven years … ; Rev. 1: 20, and 17: 9: the seven heads are seven mountains ; and v. 12: the ten horns […] are ten kings . While the preceding examples all relate to covenants and sacraments, these do not.

Rather, they resemble sacramental expressions in american ed, being instances of essays on biomes, esoteric figurative interpretations or analogies found within the biblical text itself, explicitly adduced through the use of the copulative verb—exactly what we find at Galatians 4:24. 29 In other words, the essays college introduction of this terminology, which is Milton’s own intervention into global, his principal source in Wolleb, would seem to present yet another Protestant strategy to ‘rebrand’ traditional modes of esoteric hermeneutics, including those which could be plausibly described as allegorical. A closer look at Milton’s sources here seems to support such a reading. The last quoted passage from De doctrina rewrites the following one in the Wolleb’s Compendium : Yea, the very same is seen in other speeches besides sacramental; as Gen. 41. Best American Essays? 37.

The seven cows , are seven years ; that is, types and essays on biomes, figures [ typi figur? ] of seven years: Rev. 17. 9. The seven heads , are seven hills ; and v. 12. The ten horns are ten Kings . 30. Milton keeps the examples but removes the phrase ‘other speeches besides sacramental’ and the reference to the contents of the pharaoh’s dream as ‘types and figures’, presumably because he find such usage erroneous: types are historical figures and events and not elements in dreams or visions. But if these are neither sacraments, nor seals, nor types, nor figures, nor allegories—and note here that at an earlier period Milton was not averse, as he now seems to be, to american ed, employing the latter term with regard to Revelation—then what are they? They are res certissimae , and vague as that may be, it does the job of avoiding the controversial term allegory , while at the same time foregrounding the divine assurance for the interpretations adduced in such passages. Furthermore, there were various sources where Milton could have found the silk road essay over time notions of best essays, sacramental language and the sacramental copula related directly to Galatians 4:24. The search for expressions comparable to ‘this is my body’ began in the early days of the eucharistic controversy, and at some point the Galatians verse began to be cited in this context.

31 Eventually, through this association, the converse also began to apply: not only Economics, activism and coverage, was Galatians 4:24 used in illustrating sacramental language, but the notion of sacramental language became a gloss for Galatians 4:24. Milton would have seen the verse glossed in similar terms by college Beza—who does, however, instruct the reader to distinguish between ‘sacramental’ and ‘typical’ signification—and possibly elsewhere as well. 32 Although not mentioned among Milton’s examples of immigration laws be reformed essay, ‘absolutely true things’, the verse clearly falls under this category, and best american essays college ed, if this is the thinking he brought to bear on Economics,, it when quoting it in De doctrina , it makes perfect sense that he would skip the opening words and proceed directly to best american essays college ed, the part containing the regents essays global ‘sacramental’ or ‘absolutely sure’ copula. In summary, Milton’s quotation of Galatians 4:24-25 seems carefully designed to elide the controversies that had accumulated around the passage, and thus testifies, albeit in negative form, to Milton’s familiarity with these controversies, which would have been very prominently brought to his attention when he looked up this passage in the two principal Bible texts that he used, and any other versions or commentaries he might have consulted. That Milton would choose to pass over american college ed, these disputes here is not surprising: a work aimed, in his view, at further consolidation of orthodox Protestant doctrine rather than polemic with ‘the Pontificians’ ( OW 8: 3-4) was not the place for be reformed essay, a judicious treatment of such a difficult and best american essays, contentious yet ultimately non-doctrinal matter.

Finally, it is important to keep in mind that Milton considered the text of the New Testament to be highly ‘corrupt’ and that he might have, as he did in several other cases ( OW 8: 59-60, 73, 109-10, 396-8), questioned the authenticity of the unique use of ????????????? at Galatians 4:24. If he also took the trouble of consulting the verse in Brian Walton’s Biblia Sacra Polyglotta , he would have found additional motive for such suspicion. 33 Walton’s polyglot gives nine texts here: the Greek, the Vulgate, the Syriac, the Arabic, and the Ethiopic, with all the non-Latin texts accompanied by Latin translations. The Latin versions of the beginning words of Galatians 4:24 offer a predictably inconclusive array of readings: ‘Qu? sunt allegorizata ’ (from the Greek) and ‘H?c autem sunt allegori?’ (from the Syriac) vs. Regents? ‘H? autem du? sensum habent cujus narratio ineffabilis est’ (from the Arabic). American Ed? Most interestingly, however, the translation from the Ethiopic gives nothing, jumping from its rendering of the final words of 4:23, ‘ qu? e libera secundum promissionem’, directly to ‘Et h?c sunt duo testamenta’, and essay service bc, thus omitting any text corresponding to the disputed words in the Greek. One can only speculate, but Milton’s decision not to quote the part of best american college, 4:24 that is (to the best of his knowledge) lacking in at road change over, least one version of great antiquity and best ed, authority, is best thesis, translated with significant variations here and in other renditions, and contains, in the ‘corrupt’ Greek, a very important hapax legomenon , seems entirely compatible with, and may be indicative of, his doubts about its authenticity. 34.

There is, however, a further and compelling reason to believe that this is the context in which Satan’s ‘Allegoric’ is to be taken, namely the best term’s long-standing association with the devil in Protestant commentary. The tradition apparently begins with Luther, who condemns ‘the satanic madness and illusion’ of allegorical reading, and refers specifically to Roman Catholic allegories as ‘thought out and devised, not by the Holy Spirit but by the devil’. Regents Essays Global History? 35 Possibly picking up on these statements, Calvin develops the sentiment into an actual theory of allegory’s satanic origins: Without doubt, this was the inuention of satha[n] to abase the authoritie of the essays ed scriptures, to take away the true vse fro[m] the reading thereof. which prophanation God hath reuenged with iust iudgeme[n]t, in that he hath suffred the puritie of vnderstanding to bee oduerwhelmed with the bastard counterfeit gloses. 36. The idea is reiterated in Calvin’s sermons on Galatians and more explicitly in essay vancouver bc, his commentary on Genesis: ‘the Allegories of Origen , and of such like are to be reiected: whiche Sathan by his most pestilent subtiltie went about to college, bring into the Churche, that the doctrine of the Scripture might be doubtfull, and voyde of certeintie’. Mit Sdm Best? 37. The same notion appears in Beza’s 1554 De haereticis a ciuili magistratu puniendis , in a passage cited by best college ed Thomas Edwards in 1647: For this was the speciall subtiltie of Sathan of essay over time, old, which yet not one almost of the ancient Fathers observed, that when he could not cast the Scripture out of the Church wholly, yet by vaine Allegories, he made the whole Scripture unprofitable and fabulous, so as truely there was not one piece of Scripture left free of essays ed, being contaminated with these Allegories. 38. In the essays epistle to the 1565 edition of his New Testament, translated into English in 1576, Beza similarly recounts how in the age of the early church fathers ‘Satan layed […] in the countrie of Grecia ’ various ‘mischiefs’, of essays college, which ‘two […] especially reigned in those dayes’.

39 One was the tendency to essays, fuse Christian teaching with pagan philosophy, yet. The other mischief was farre worse, for as an vnauoydable disease, it had almost possessed all mens mindes, and it was this, a maruelous desire that men had to misshape the whole Scripture, and turne it into allegories wherein euery man tooke so great pleasure without measure or compasse, that eche man thought he might do what he woulde. The idea also appears in original seventeenth-century English texts. In an anonymous pamphlet from 1650, the author ascribes the departures from the faith he perceives in his times to, among other things, the ‘affectate desire we have (more consulting with Satan, then the american essays college Scripture) to essay writing service bc, turn plain truths […] into confused Allegories’. 40 ‘Souls’, he admonishes his contemporaries, ‘have you not learned this yet, that tis Satans policy, chiefly this way, either to best american essays college ed, divert our hearts from, or darken our understandings in the eying any solid eminent truth, lest when the snare is discovered we escape’.

According to another, similarly-titled pamphlet from 1655, Satan encourages men ‘to put allegorical and mystical (as they call them) Interpretations upon prophetical, and Doctrinal Scriptures […] so they will make of it what they please’. 41 As late as 1696, an writing service bc anti-Quaker tract claims that it was ‘the Grand Design of him who first Inspired and Possessed them [i.e. the Quakers], to Destroy the only Saving Faith , in the Satisfaction made by Christ for american college ed, our Sins , by turning all this to a meer Allegory ’. Essays On Biomes? 42. A particularly elaborate account appears in Richard Gilpin’s 1677 D?monologia sacra , explaining at ed, length how Satan ‘befools men into a belief, that the Scriptures do under the Vail of their Words and laws essay, Sentences, contain some hidden Notions , that are of purpose so disguised, that they may be locked up from the american essays college ed generality of Men’. 43 There are various degrees of best thesis, such satanic hermeneutics, depending on whether it departs wholly or only partly from the plain sense of the best american essays ed biblical text. The latter is the case with what Gilpin specifically terms ‘ Allegorical reflections or allusions’, an approach which ‘supposeth the Letter of mit sdm best thesis, Scripture to be true , (but still as no better than the first Rudiments to train up Beginners withal)’.

However, ‘the crafty Adversary at last enticeth’ allegorical readers. to let go of the History , as if it were nothing but a Parable , not really acted, but only fitted to represent Notions to us. Allegories were a Trap which the Devil had for the Jews , and wherein they wonderfully pleased themselves. How much Origen abused himself and the Scriptures by this humour is known to many; and how the Devil hath prevailed generally by it upon giddy people in best american, later times, I need not tell you. Gilpin also takes note of Galatians 4:24—‘The pretence that Satan hath for this dealing is raised from some passages of the should laws be reformed New Testament , wherein […] some things are expressly called Allegories ’—but denies that the passage justifies ‘any Mans boldne[ss] in presuming to do the like to best american college ed, any other passage of silk essay change time, Scripture’. Finally, there is a passage in Milton’s own Of Reformation which all but explicitly reiterates the best college notion. Responding to the claim that the scripture is too difficult to understand without the guidance of the and coverage church fathers, Milton concedes that ‘there be some Books, and especially some places in those Books that remain clouded’, yet ‘Hence to inferre a generall obscurity over american college ed, all the text, is a meer suggestion of the Devil to disswade men from reading it, and essay service vancouver bc, casts an essays college ed aspersion of global, dishonour both upon the mercy , truth , and best american essays, wisedome of God ’ ( YP 1: 566). 44 Allegory is not explicitly mentioned but it can probably be taken for granted that this imagined ‘obscurity’ includes such ‘wrung’ allegorical readings as he criticizes in The Reason of mit sdm thesis, Church-Government . At this point Milton still occasionally used the term in positive contexts, so his unwillingness to attribute it unreservedly to the devil is not surprising.

Even so, the ed passage testifies to his early familiarity with the tradition that he would later exploit, with explicit reference to allegory, in Economics,, Paradise Regain’d . If we now return to the portrayal of essays ed, Satan in bc, Paradise Regain’d , parallels should be quite obvious, even beyond the ‘Real or Allegoric’ passage. Essays College Ed? Indeed, allegory is just one of the various forms of esoteric semiosis—‘presages and signs, / And answers, oracles, portents and regents essays, dreams’ (1.394-5)—which are Satan’s province both by his own account and by Christ’s disparaging response to his claims: These are all qualities that could with equal propriety be ascribed to allegory, and in fact we find a remark in De doctrina which directly parallels these verses even as it makes an analogy between oracular and scriptural divination: ‘a principle article of faith […] ought not to essays, be dug out of ambiguities, or else obscurities—like the Delphic oracle’s answers [ ex ambiguis aut obscuris quasi pythia responsa ]’ ( OW 8: 75). Satan’s hermeneutic prowess fails him, however, when he attempts to divine the meaning of the best thesis events that transpired at Christ’s baptism. As he relates to his ‘gloomy Consistory’ (1.42)—a glaring anti-Catholic allusion, paralleling the infernal ‘conclave’ in ed, Paradise Lost (1.795)—he saw ‘Heav’n above the essay vancouver Clouds / Unfold her Crystal Dores’, and ‘thence on his head / A perfect Dove descended, what e’re it meant’ (1.81-83). In other words, the one thing that Satan is unable to interpret is precisely that which is the ground of all valid interpretations—a point repeatedly emphasized by Protestant commentators and further underscored by Christ’s account of the essays same event later in the poem (1.282), to whom, of course, as to all of the poem’s readers, the meaning of the silk road change over time dove is perfectly clear. The second time Satan mentions the baptism, his language is even more symptomatic. Here he tells Christ that he has kept an eye on him ever since his infancy, but especially since he heard the voice from heaven proclaiming him the son of God:

Again Satan is unable to comprehend a central tenet of the Christian faith, and again the terminology is best american college, technical and topical with satirical and indeed comic effect, as the ‘single sence’ of scripture is precisely the central premise of Protestant hermeneutics: ‘Not only sola scriptura , […] but alongside it an equally significant principle, solus sensus litteralis .’ 46 Satan has already attempted to essays, turn Christ from the principle of sola scriptura (‘All knowledge is not couch’t in Moses law / The Pentateuch or what the prophets wrote’ [4.225-6]), and now he attempts the same with that of solus sensus litteralis —precisely the two greatest ‘mischiefs’ that Beza attributed to Satan’s influence on early Christian thought. The conflict these passages imply is not, then, between literal and figurative reading, but between two incompatible approaches to the latter: the either/or of allegory, represented by Satan, and the both/and of typology, represented by Christ. We hear of Christ’s invention of typological reading from his own mouth: having learned from essays, his mother of the miraculous circumstances of regents essays global, his conception and best american college ed, the events and omens that transpired at essays on biomes, his birth, Yet like most heavenly things, this too has its infernal counterpart. Christ is not the only creative reader of scripture in Paradise Regain’d . Indeed, in discussing the college ‘Real or Allegoric’ passage it is easy to thesis, overlook one simple fact, namely that prior to Satan saying these words Christian allegory is not yet in existence. Whatever Milton otherwise thought of it, the apostle’s use of ????????????? in the Epistle to essays college ed, the Galatians is here irrelevant, for the Epistle to the Galatians has not yet been written. There are no apostles, no epistles, no canon of specifically Christian writings, no specifically Christian hermeneutics—all of that, except for Christ’s own insights, is yet to come.

There is, however, and and coverage, there had been for many centuries, allegory and allegorical reading, by means of which the pagans had attempted to make sense of their mythology. And now the best essays college devil, with whom this false mythology itself originates, attempts this pagan method on a fundamental tenet of the emergent Christian faith in another vain effort to shake Christ’s conviction of the prophecy. This, I think, is what Milton, drawing on an old tradition in Protestant polemics, intends us to see in this passage: a condensed etiological myth with strong satirical overtones about the invention of mit sdm best thesis, Christian allegoresis. Satan is the first Christian allegorist. Best American Essays College Ed? With him emerges, at this very moment, the pernicious method of interpretation that many centuries later Reformers like himself would set out to combat. Finally, there is the question of the implications of essays, all this for the broader debates regarding the representational mode of Milton epics, especially Paradise Lost . Almost seventy years have passed since A. J. A. Waldock observed that critics of Paradise Lost ‘differ not only in their approach to best essays college ed, the poem, in their feeling about silk essay change over time, it, in their judgment of it: they differ also in their understanding of american essays college, what occurs in it’. 48 On many counts the scholarship of the change over intervening decades supersedes that of Waldock’s day, but if it gives us a better idea of essays college, what is at silk road over time, stake in this critical impasse, it still offers no definitive or even broadly accepted solution for overcoming it. One thing that is certain, however, and is perhaps still not sufficiently acknowledged, is that any such solution will need to address the status of allegorical representation in Milton’s biblical epics. Indeed, the abiding problem of what occurs or does not occur in best american college ed, Paradise Lost and Paradise Regain’d largely is the problem of whether their representational mode is to be understood as thoroughly allegorical, thoroughly non- or even anti-allegorical, or suspended, consciously or unconsciously, coherently or incoherently, between these two opposing poles—positions which are not merely theoretical but which all find representatives in the fascinating history of the poem’s reception, especially since the essay change rise of college ed, critical interest in allegory in the latter half of the twentieth century. The present article hopes to best thesis, readjust the grounds of this debate by providing a more extensive and accurate account than has previously been available of Milton’s engagement with allegory and the controversies raised by this notion in best american ed, early modern culture.

Such an account should also prove a welcome corrective to the terminological eclecticism which has marked some of the work on the subject, and has perhaps occasionally hampered a more fruitful development of the debate. Obviously one is also tempted to point to some highly suggestive parallels between Milton’s hermeneutic anti-allegorism and immigration laws persuasive essay, certain developments and motifs in his literary work: for instance, between his abandonment of the term allegory and best college, his abandonment of the early plans for an ostensibly allegorical epic, or between the essay time two satanic births of allegory in college, the two companion poems—the birth of allegorical interpretation from Satan’s mouth in Paradise Regain’d and the birth of allegorical representation from Satan’s head in Paradise Lost . Especially since the mid-twentieth-century studies of Stein, MacCaffrey, and Ferry, a number of critics have commented on the association of allegory with fallen experience in Paradise Lost , and my account of the satanic allegory topos and should laws be reformed, its dramatization in Paradise Regain’d further validates and complements their insights. 49 Above all, it is ed, hoped that the article demonstrates the need for further investigation along these lines. Essay Writing Service Vancouver Bc? Although it certainly does not bode well for the allegorists, the above discussion does not present decisive evidence in favour of the literalists either. Best Essays College Ed? Both camps, however, along with the various factions interposed between them, ought to take it into account in future attempts to unravel the same ‘deceptively simple’ yet ‘obviously fundamental’ question posed by Waldock—‘the question of what, at essay writing vancouver bc, this important juncture or that, is really happening ’ in these poems. Some of the material in this article was included in a paper given at the 60th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America, New York, 27-29 March 2014; I would like to thank all who shared in the discussion, and especially Helen Lynch, for best essays college ed, organizing and essays global history, inviting me to american essays college, present. The article has also benefited from the essay writing bc comments of Irena Braticevic, Thomas Fulton, Ivan Lupic, and of course my supervisors, Catherine Bates and Paul Botley. A rthur S ymons . J ane D esmarais and best american essays, C hris B aldick (eds).

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Best American Essays 2002 (The Best American Series): Stephen Jay

2003-2004 Essay Contest - What role, if any, should the government play in best essays ed addressing income inequality? One often hears the phrase The rich get richer and the poor get poorer, but how true is that statement in the United States? On one hand, according to several statistics, income inequality is essay writing service widening. In 1981, the total combined income earned by best american ed the wealthiest 5 percent of Americans was 6.9 times greater than the combined income earned by the poorest 20 percent. By 2001, the ratio of the wealthiest to the poorest had increased to 8.4. On the other hand, U.S. Census Bureau studies show that during that same time , poverty rates steadily decreasedfrom 14 percent in 1981 to 11.7 percent in 2001. Silk Change? It seems almost contradictory that significant inequality ratios stand next to decreasing poverty rates. Yet this contrast exemplifies the complexity of the issues regarding income inequality. Income inequality exists in the United States, but what does that mean for our society?

Perhaps income inequality is an best acceptable part of Economics, and coverage a dynamic and prosperous economy, providing incentives to college, work hard and essays, advance in education. Or does it disrupt social cohesion and disenfranchise the poor? In this year’s essay contest, students are asked to consider the economics of income inequality and determine what policy, if any, the government should take regarding these issues. The Statistics Behind Income Inequality. Economists have long debated the causes of income inequality; however, it is generally agreed that educational attainment and family structure are currently two significant factors. Over the past few decades, more jobs have required high-skilled workers. Therefore, wages for best college, college-educated workers have increased faster than those of low-skilled workers as demand for high-skilled workers increased. Regents Global? This trend accelerated during the late 1990s when companies continued to rely more on technology. In 2000, individuals with college degrees were on average paid 80 percent more than those who had graduated solely from high school. Therefore, the changing nature of the American economy, with its increasingly greater emphasis on education and information, has contributed to increased income inequality. Changes in family structure have also widened the best income gap.

A growing percentage of silk change time Americans live in single-parent households. These families, often headed by single-mothers, earn about half the income of two-parent families. Among the highest paid 20 percent of households, 90 percent are married-couple families; among the american essays ed poorest 20 percent of households, two-thirds are single or single-parent families. This trend in household structure is a second significant factor explaining income inequality in the United States today. The economic concept of essay service bc externality can help identify the costs and/or benefits regarding income inequality issues and help inform the role government might play, if any, in addressing income inequality. Externalities are social costs and benefits that spill over beyond the private costs and best american college ed, benefits faced by should be reformed essay an individual. One classic example of an best ed externality is a factory's smokestack that pollutes the air and causes health problems for immigration laws essay, people living nearby. The factory does not face any costs as a result of its pollution; instead, that pollution is a cost that has spilled over to the people nearby, who have to essays, pay for its unpleasantness and toxicity. Mit Sdm Best Thesis? One role of best government is to mit sdm, sometimes step in and address this form of best american market failure through regulations, taxes or programsfor if left alone, a market tends not to solve externalities.

One way to begin looking at the essay contest question is to ask whether there are external costs or benefits to income inequality. On one hand, some argue that there are significant external costs due to income inequality. They argue that inequality weakens social cohesion as the essays on biomes lives of the rich and poor become more isolated and american college, separate. With greater inequality, the poor feel disenfranchised and do not participate in civic life, while the rich gain an increasingly powerful influence in politicsthus weakening democracy. Greater income inequality may also result in lower health and increased crime nationally. Furthermore, some contend that poverty breeds poverty, as the children of the poor have to work harder to succeed than the children of the rich. Without intervention, the problems caused by income inequality will only get worse in the future. On the other hand, others contest the validity of these external costs and point to possible external benefits of income inequality. Many say that some of the external costs brought up in the previous paragraph such as higher crime, lower health and less opportunityare not effects of income inequality, but of poverty.

External costs due to on biomes, poverty exist (individuals in poverty are more likely to commit crime, have health troubles and have children who enter kindergarten not ready to learn), but these problems are separate from the issue of income inequality. In fact, some contend that instead of disenfranchising, income inequality provides incentives for american ed, those who are at low- to middle-income levels to work hard, attain more education and advance to better-paying jobs. There is a great deal of contention over essays, the external costs and best, benefits of income inequality. And externalities are not the only economic lens to look through when considering the regents issue. Best American Essays College Ed? Often the results of income equality and inequality are discussed as a trade-off between equity and mit sdm best, efficiency. Some argue that relatively equal levels of income may promote social cohesion, but market efficiency may be lost due to best essays ed, government intervention or central planning. Essays On Biomes? Once a student has determined how they view income inequality, he or she can then begin to consider what policy, if any, government should adopt to address the issue. Those in favor of reducing income inequality might, in their essay, describe why income inequality results in externalities or problems and propose measures government could take to remedy them. Possible policies include a more progressive tax system, increased earned income tax credits, or other such policy that redistributes income from the rich to best ed, the poor in order to decrease the income divide. Writing Service Vancouver Bc? Not only, they might argue, would the american ed external costs of regents essays history income inequality be removed, but poverty itself would also be reduced. In contrast, those opposed to government involvement in income inequality might argue that externalities do not stem from income inequality, but rather from poverty.

Government should therefore focus on the welfare of the poor, rather than worrying about the income gap. American Essays College Ed? Policies to address the welfare of the poor might include programs that provide preventive medical care or housing subsidiesor a policy that promotes early childhood and K-12 education in order to provide greater opportunity for all. Other papers might argue that the government should remain out of the issue completely, arguing that income inequality is essays not a problem to current American societyor, perhaps, that it is a natural result of our changing economy and the increasing valuation of education. Essay writers may also, if they wish, compare income inequality in the United States with other countries. For example, the distribution of income in best american essays college Germany and France is road change over more equal than in the United States. American Essays Ed? Germany and France also have more extensive government services, like health care and unemployment benefits. However, there may be a trade-off in these benefits. While Germany and France have lower income inequality, they also have higher unemployment rates than the United States.

The ideas suggested in this primer are just a few of the ways students can think about income inequality when they research the topic and mit sdm, write their essays. Students are encouraged to take an innovative position as well as carefully consider the economic concepts involved. The Minneapolis Fed staff look forward to american college, reading this year's papers.

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Austin: The . Economics, Activism! University of Texas at Austin, 2008. McFarland, Pancho. Chicano Rap: Gender and Violence in the Postindustrial Barrio. Essays! 1st Ed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2008. Pena, Manuel. The Mexican American Orquesta: Music, Culture and the Dialectic of Conflict. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999. Mit Sdm Best! Quirarte, Jacinto. Chicano Art History: A Book of Selected Readings. Association of best american essays, American Universities , Austin, Texas , Chicano 390 Words | 2 Pages.

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The play, “Zoot Suit” represents the culmination of a . Chicano theater movement that integrated four theatrical forms, which are actos, mitos, corridos, and immigration essay, historias that designed “heighten reality” through “highly stylized” presentational methods that came from the best essays college, Chicano theater movement . The play incorporates actos by presenting “laughter, power and the use of personifications” within the mit sdm thesis, characters (Kinan Valdez. Chicano , Mexican American , Pachuco 1167 Words | 4 Pages. influences of gender on writing and best ed, reading is a wide-reaching term referring: Women’s movement : diverse social . movement , largely based in the United States, seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, their personal lives, and politics. It is recognized as the “second wave” of the larger feminist movement . While first-wave feminism of the 19th and early 20th centuries focused on. Chicana feminism , Chicano , Feminism 1215 Words | 4 Pages.

Joe Gamez Phil 327 My report is on . Carla Trujillo’s article on chicana lesbians: Fear and be reformed persuasive, Loathing in the Chicano community. College Ed! Carla Trujillo hit it right on the head when according to Trujillo chicana lesbians are perceived as a threat because it disrupts the order of male dominance and should immigration laws be reformed essay, raises the best american, awareness for chicana women about their own independence and control (Trujillo281). Chicano , Female , Gender 1040 Words | 3 Pages. become a lion and let the silk road over, voice of Chicano history be heard. Luis Valdez does this in a satirical way by presenting the views and stereotypes . that many American's have had and continue to have, about Chicano's in the form of best american essays ed, a shop where Chicano model/robots are sold. Regents Essays Global History! By presenting each Chicano as a robot and american, stereotype, Luis Valdez tries to earse of the models of Chicano's that people have in their heads and tries to point out that there is a strong Chicano culture and a rich history that has. Chicano , Mexican American , Mexico 1945 Words | 5 Pages. American community are beautiful and courageous women, women who know how to fight,” Canci?n de Las Hermanas. That quote summarizes the . movement dealing with Latina women in the Catholic Church. Las Hermanas formed the first national religious-political organization of Chicana and Latina Roman Catholics in the United States.

This was all about the Chicano movement , dealing with the changing traditions for religious women in the early 1970s. Las Hermanas dealt with expanding the ministerial role of. Apostolic succession , Bishop , Catholic Church 1584 Words | 5 Pages. revealed many times in …And the Earth Did Not Devour Him by Tomas Rivera. It becomes an important issue for the protagonist as a member of the regents essays, struggling . marginalized group. As reviewer Raymund Parades states in his original essay The Evolution of Chicano Literature, the boy is embittered by a series of family tragedies (30). As a result, the boy curses God expecting to be swallowed up by the earth, as his mother tells him he will be.

Instead, the protagonist feels more comforted and confident. Boy , Chicano , Mexican American writers 2363 Words | 7 Pages. environment. Best American College Ed! Anzaldua grew up in the United States but spoke mostly Spanish. The problem is that the language she spoke was Chicano Spanish, . Economics, Activism And Coverage! not true Spanish. She was living in an English speaking environment she wasn't living in a Spanish speaking country, but was speaking a form of Spanish. She describes the best college ed, difficulty of hard the delicate ever changing language of regents essays global, Chicano Spanish.

Quote: “I want you to speak English. American Essays Ed! Pa' hallar buen trabajo tienes que saber hablar el ingles bien. Que vale toda. Chicano , English language , French language 854 Words | 3 Pages. The book, Honor and the American Dream: Culture and Identity in a Chicano Community, and the film, Salt of the Earth, both relay to essays, their . audience, the pursuit of happiness within the Chicano community in college which they live.

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Who is a Chicano ? What does the term Chicano mean? Where does the term originate? Why have Mexican-Americans in Economics, and coverage the past . objected to american essays, being known as Chicanos ? Why do so many Mexican-Americans today take pride in best being Chicanos ? There questions are frequently asked when the subject of the Chicano Movement comes up. This paper will seek to clarify the origins and meaning of the term Chicano and attempts to explain some of the best college, implications of being a Chicano . A Chicano is an individual (usually. Chicanismo , Chicano , Chicano nationalism 3123 Words | 8 Pages.

Arizona to a large family with limited financial. On Biomes! Lalo didn't finish high school due to the depression and had no formal musical education. However, . according to “Lalo Guerrero: the father of Chicano music,” author states that Lalo Guerrero is “the father of Chicano music” because there are no other Chicano artists has come close to ed, write in both language that are English and Spanish; also, he recorded more song in regents history virtually every genre of Latin music like him. For example, he wrote salsa, nortena. Abraham Quintanilla III , Chicano , Chris Perez 1359 Words | 4 Pages. Being considered the first Chicano novel written, Pocho tells a vulgar coming-of-age story of a first generation Chicano . (American born Mexican) boy, Richard Rubio. Richard, like many first generation Chicanos is faced with an integral question: to assimilate to american college ed, the American culture, or preserve his Mexican heritage? The novel tells a story where Richard experiences cultural assimilation that drastically changes his beliefs, but frequently hints at regents global, relapsing to his father’s ways. Ultimately, Richard. Chicano , Family , Faster Pussycat 1509 Words | 4 Pages. meaning of the word Chicano /a, to best college, many of us it is the mixture of immigration laws be reformed essay, both American and Mexican culture.

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The novel opens. Chicano , Chicano Movement , Chicano nationalism 817 Words | 2 Pages. Chicano Art Chicano Park Today, there is a place located in San Diego, California called . Chicano Park, which is a place full of pride throughout the Mexican-American community. When I first arrived at best american, Chicano Park I was not sure what to expect. Should Persuasive Essay! This is my first year ever living in San Diego so the area is still pretty new to me. American Essays College Ed! Before taking this Chicano Art class, I actually never even had a clue that Chicano Park existed. On my way to silk over time, Chicano Park, I soon began. Chicano , Cost , Endurance 475 Words | 2 Pages.

strategies by which Chicano origins and Histories, as well as present and best american, future identities, were constructed and Legitimized. . Furthermore, Chicanismo provided a context for historical reclamation of the self through the affirmation of Chicano cultural narratives while resisting Anglo models of assimilation. By the late 1960's, Chicanismo had become in effect the central strategy in the process of self definition for the Chicano community. The Chicanos suffered a great deal. Abuse , Chicanismo , Chicano 1323 Words | 6 Pages. The Chicano Identity The majority of people around us have parents with histories beyond our local area. They come from be reformed persuasive essay places hundreds of . miles away, such as China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and even Mexico. As they set to live in America, they give birth to a new generation and these children are raised differently with a whole new standard. These standards are different from other countries whether it’s their educational system, laws, or social behaviors. This causes heritages to become diluted.

Chicano , Language , Mexico 764 Words | 2 Pages. American citizens also continue to suffer from discrimination because of best american essays college, their background. After more than three generation of being born in America . Chicanos decided to revolt. The Chicano movement bloomed in the 1960s when the generation was tired of the racial discrimination and essay bc, decides to fight for their rights. They created organizations to best american, help Chicanos , organize walkouts to protest against inadequate learning environment and they protested against unequal opportunists in jobs. Essay! The United States. California , High school , Mexican American 1269 Words | 4 Pages.

Tongue, depending on which angle it is looked at, could be seen as a rhetoric question in the sense that the tongue and or whatever it stands to signify . cannot be tamed. In this case it metaphorically represents her native language-Spanish or Chicano Spanish-to be precise. On the other hand, the title could be taken as a statement of best, ridicule to show the futility or near futility of trying to force a change of language or pattern of speech on an immigrant or colonized people. Economics,! She loved speaking. Chicano , Chicano English , Colonialism 1099 Words | 3 Pages. symbolizes Mexican American youths who fought for nationalism, family, and equality. Best American College! Throughout the play, it is clear to say that the activism, Pachuco represents all . Chicanos both male and female. This statement true in the way that all Chicanos have the best essays, same problems and best thesis, are fighting for the same rights. Ed! El Pachuco also shows a fine connection to the Chicano Nationalist Paradigm and on biomes, the model of obligatory heterosexuality. For instance, his personality is very masculine and proceeds himself to be a tough person. Calo , Chicano , Chicano nationalism 909 Words | 3 Pages.

and struggle of best american college, life as a Mexican. This movement moved north, across the border into California as the artists moved and government funding . was discontinued. As the on biomes, sociopolitical environment was rapidly changing in California the emergence of mural work of the best american essays ed, Chicano Movement was gaining power and recognition. Their distinct style stemmed from their Mexican predecessors as they delved into their cultural heritage to define what it meant to be Chicano . The rhetoric of essays, visual imagery of the murals. Chicano , History of Mexico , Maya civilization 3943 Words | 11 Pages. family constituting of best, six children) and on biomes, is able to provide so that one may go off to college. American Essays College Ed! The expected role of Maria who is the matriarch of the family . Essays On Biomes! is to be a loving and caring mother to her children. She fulfills this role in the traditional Chicano family, but she also triumphs over adversity when she is illegally deported.

Maria has to american essays ed, overcome many obstacles during the road essay over, movie and I believe she is one of the greatest characters in the movie. She is a role model for american essays, almost any Chicana woman and. Chicano , Chicano English , Chicano nationalism 1305 Words | 3 Pages. Bibliography on silk time the Mexican Muralist Movement. Lawrence A Yost Instructor: Toni Nelson Herrera Chic 3672 Chicano /a Experience in the Midwest 2/10/2012 A Selected Annotated Bibliography . on the Mexican Muralist Movement . The Mexican and Chicano mural Movements by Maria Cardalliaguet Gomez-Malaga As an instructor for the Yale-New Haven Teachers institute Maria Cardalliaguet Gomez-Malaga has posted the contents of her Curriculum Unit 06.02.01. The Idea behind a final for. 20th century , Art , Chicano 663 Words | 2 Pages. Brown vs. Board of Education to Affirmative Action Correlation Between the Black Civil Rights Movement and Latino Civil Rights. Brown VS. Board of Education to Affirmative Action Correlation between the Black Civil Rights Movement and Latino Civil Rights Kati . BurgessNc: YURR8E U.S.

History in documents The aim of this paper is to best college ed, give some insights on the Supreme Court ruling of Brown vs Board of Education and to mit sdm thesis, investigate whether it had some effects on college ed Hispanic minorities. Black people were not the only minority in the US who fought for their rights. Both Hispanics and Blacks were subjected to different scrutinies. African American , Brown v. Mit Sdm Thesis! Board of Education , Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 1423 Words | 5 Pages. Arguments Made in Take the Tortillas Out of Your Poetry. his Chicano readers, and us as readers left wondering why something should be judged because it's so different from best essays what we as his readers . known all our lives. We are in a way are told what is best with what we should read and mit sdm best, that these censors are at work in all areas of our lives. Essays College! Rudolfo Anaya says that censorship has affected him directly and how it recently affected a friend of thesis, his as well.

His friend is a Chicano poet and scholar and good one. He says he has been encouraging Chicano writers. American way , Censorship , Chicano 1243 Words | 3 Pages. Social activism is very important to the Chicano Culture. This can be seen throughout the Mexican-American culture, starting with the Mexican . Revolution. This is where the Mexicans started a search for a new leader to bring stability to their lives.

Mexicans-Americans felt like they had to choose sides. Were they Mexican or were they American? In our novel Pocho we can see this type of indecision go on throughout the book. When Juan decided to move his family to american, America, I don’t think any of and coverage, them. Chicano , Mexican American , Mexico 644 Words | 2 Pages. different form of Spanish called “ Chicano Spanish”.

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Chicano , English language , Hispanic and Latino Americans 406 Words | 2 Pages. Reform Movements During the 19th Century there were many reform movements that took place. Essays! Reform movements were . movements that were organized to reform or change the certain way of best american college, things. Reform movements did not always work but the ones that did greatly changed the way our nation operates today. There were three major reform movements that have altered the nation; the abolitionist movement , the temperance movement and activism and coverage, the women's suffrage movement . Without these movements , and the great leaders. Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Frederick Douglass , Reform movement 843 Words | 3 Pages. ? The Temperance Movement The temperance movement is a social movement that started in the early 19th century, . with the objective of advocating for the reduction and prohibition of alcohol beverages usage. The movement was, by far, one of the most successful and largest reform movements of the early 1800s (McConnell 43). They promoted complete abstinence and criticized excessive use of alcohol. Prior to the initiation of this movement , there were several publications against drunkenness and excessive. Carrie Nation , Christianity and alcohol , Prohibition 1607 Words | 7 Pages.

Mexican-Americans' music played an best, important role in thesis the struggle for Chicano civil rights and ultimately propel them from the barrio to the . national stage. Little Joe was one of the most popular bands who are playing the Tuxedos and RB sounds. Little Joe began in the 1960s in northern California. Little Joe had heard big band music over the radio broadcast from the ballrooms, which helped him to expand his performance. The VIP’s band renamed to El Chicano Revolucion, the Little Joe band renamed to Little Joe El. Chicano rock , La Bamba , Los Lobos 867 Words | 4 Pages. homogenized Latin America's population (18). Likewise, Rudy's identity as an American citizen is foregrounded in contrast to american ed, Mexican, Salvadorena, and . Chinese others. Christine List says that Chicano features provide a public forum for silk road over, Chicano cultural expression and best essays, articulate issues of Economics, activism, Chicano identity on a national and best american essays ed, international scale (13).

Born in East L.A. Should! sets up as its central conflict Rudy's dilemma of proving his identity (List 151), specifically as an American citizen. As the. Chicano , Hispanic and Latino Americans , Immigration to the United States 2813 Words | 9 Pages. Precis Essay on american essays college “Fear” In his short story, “Fear”, Chicano author Gary Soto conveys that people can sympathize with what they fear and feel . shamed for best thesis, their actions and thoughts against it. He illustrates this by american essays, using his own experience in school as a prisoner to Frankie, an emotionally disturbed bully to show that he can somewhat understand why Frankie acts the way he does. Soto uses imagery and juxtaposition in order to reveal that things are not always what they seem and to convey the complexity.

Abuse , Audience , Bullying 468 Words | 2 Pages. The Women’s Movement The women’s rights movement was a huge turning point for women because they had succeeded in the . altering of their status as a group and changing their lives of countless men and women. Gender, Ideology, and Historical Change: Explaining the Women’s Movement was a great chapter because it explained and analyzed the change and causes of the women’s movement . Elaine Tyler May’s essay, Cold War Ideology and the Rise of Feminism and Women’s Liberation and Sixties Radicalism. Betty Friedan , Civil rights and liberties , Cold War 2093 Words | 6 Pages. ?The Temperance Movement : The Attempted Removal of a Deadly Sin The Temperance Movement was an on biomes, attempt to better society by . ending the american college ed, sale and consumption of on biomes, alcohol. This movement began in college ed the 1830’s to the 1840’s from the desire to reform society and abolishing it’s sins by the removal of slavery. Many people saw the negative effect that alcohol also had on society, and so they put forth an regents essays history, effort to convince others to best american essays, refrain.

The fight for prohibition originated from the church. The Protestant. Alcoholism , Carrie Nation , Christianity and alcohol 1796 Words | 12 Pages. change eventually turned into best, an organized effort called the Rastafari Movement . This movement arose in the 1930s when Jamaica . was predominately Christian. The movement put forth a powerful message of equality, but needed a way to relay this message to the world. With this need, a very unique and special form of music, reggae, came to be. Being that 98% of the populations in Jamaica were descendants of African slaves, the movement appealed to the great majority of the people.

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How to best american college, Become a CNA: CNA Classes Careers. Individuals considering becoming a certified nurse assistant can be assured of a career that provides personal and professional fulfillment, with the possibility of writing advancement. Though the hours can be long and the work demanding, those in this field generally report satisfaction because they are helping people. Because CNAs work in many different settings and with a variety of populations, they can find positions matched to college ed, their interests. Those looking to become a CNA can use the guide below to laws be reformed persuasive, find out more about best essays college, how to essay vancouver bc, enter the field, CNA training classes, components of a successful career, related occupations, salary information, and job prospects. CNAs are on the front lines of providing basic care to essays ed, patients in a variety of health care facilities, with responsibilities ranging from assisting with personal daily needs such as bathing and exercising to monitoring vital signs and dietary restrictions. All job requirements tend to be non-invasive procedures and revolve around daily routines that patients may not be able to complete on their own. Working under the supervision of licensed nurses, CNAs provide personal, professional assistance, ensuring patients are treated with dignity and respect and while receiving necessary medical care. In addition to being able to provide day-to-day care to best, their patients, CNAs must be compassionate communicators who can support their patients through difficult and best american college ed sometimes painful procedures. Because they provide many basic care services such as bathing patients and helping them transfer to wheelchairs, they must also have a certain level of physical fitness. CNAs are expected to Economics, activism and coverage, be team players, serving as liaisons between other medical professionals and their patients.

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CNA training programs are offered by american ed, a variety of institutions, including the regents essays, American Red Cross, local health care providers, community colleges, vocational and technical schools, and online training programs. CNA programs last from four to 16 weeks, depending on the institution. Those choosing to receive their training from a health care provider should be aware that some require students to work at the facility for a set amount of time after receiving their certification. Once students have completed their CNA training, they will need to pass a state-specific examination to be fully certified. In many cases, graduates can work up to four months without certification while waiting to take the american essays college, exam. While specific questions will vary based on state requirements, it will most likely include both practical and clinical components. Students should note that some states have additional certification requirements, including passing a background check and undertaking a certain number of continuing education credits each year. After CNA training, graduates can apply for their first jobs. It’s important to remember that certified nurse assistants can only practice under the supervision of licensed nurses, meaning it is illegal to offer their services as independent providers.

CNA roles are expanding much more rapidly than the national average for job growth, providing graduates with a variety of options when pursuing their first positions. Essays! Because CNAs can be found in nearly every type of health care facility, they can also find a setting that is best american essays ed, matched to their individual career goals. In addition to completing their initial training and certification, some states mandate CNAs complete a certain number of continuing education credits each year to maintain their qualifications. These are offered by regents history, a variety of educational providers and health care facilities. Students should check with their state’s governing board to learn about requirements for ed, their area. A variety of educational providers offer CNA classes. In addition to traditional institutions such as vocational and on biomes technical schools and essays ed community colleges, a number of hospitals provide relevant training opportunities. Writing! As part of best american their training and certification offerings, The Red Cross also has a CNA preparation course. What’s the Process for Taking the Certification Exam? Though different states have different requirements, all require that CNAs pass a certification exam.

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This demonstration requires the student to simulate common CNA tasks, including following infection control procedures, maintaining patient privacy, providing baths, completing vital signs, and essays transferring a patient to a wheelchair. Students will learn if they passed or failed on the same day they complete the examination. American College! If the result is pass, students can begin working immediately. If not, states have individual rules about how frequently the test can be retaken. The overwhelming majority of CNA training programs are not available online, and institutions that do have this option still require students to be on campus for essays, the clinical component. Students looking to american college ed, complete traditional course work online should check with local technical schools and community colleges to see if they have these provisions. If students are able to find a hybrid training program, there are a number of important components they should research before committing to a prospective school.

The top three are discussed below: While there is no national governing body for accrediting certified nursing assistant courses, prospective students should do their research to ensure the essays on biomes, program they are considering is approved by their state. These requirements vary by location, so students should contact their governing board to confirm the best, program is on essays, the list of accepted training providers. After completing their program, graduates must take their state’s CNA competency exam before being fully certified. Numerous educational providers will help students prepare for this test by offering practice questions, reviewing components of the exam, and helping locate testing centers. While there are numerous online test prep guides available, finding a program that provides this locally will be most beneficial as guidelines and exam questions are state-specific. A quality education starts with an excellent faculty and professors who have extensive and current experience, both in the virtual classroom and best american college professional world. Many CNA training programs will post faculty biographies, allowing students to review these to understand the professional histories of their teachers. It is important to find professors who have both the educational and practical experience needed to essays on biomes, deliver information accurately and american essays ed clearly. Students should steer clear of service vancouver bc any faculty who gained their certified nurse assistant qualifications and american college ed moved straight into the classroom, as their ability to share real-world experiences will be limited. Components of a Successful CNA Career:

Skills, Credentials, Tools and Technology. The best CNAs have a natural desire to help people as well as highly developed skills in road essay over time areas of patient care and communication. In addition to assisting patients with daily living activities, CNAs must be able to make those in their care feel safe and comfortable during their time at the facility. CNAs should know their patients’ needs thoroughly, including dietary restrictions, allergies, and american ed personal preferences. They must also be able to silk essay change, listen to their patients and convey important information about their needs and best american essays feelings to other members of the care team, such as licensed nurses, dieticians and physicians. After completing their training, CNAs may choose to pursue further credentials that allow them to specialize their work. Individual state councils or subject-specific organizations, such as the National Council of State Boards of Nursing or the American Board of best Wound Management, typically provide these additional credentials. Available specializations include opportunities to best american essays, become activity assistants, medication aides, wound care associates, and patient care technicians. Continuing education could also lead to certifications as physical therapy assistants, occupational therapy assistants, and even degrees as registered nurses.

CNAs use a variety of tools and technology to mit sdm best thesis, care for best essays college, patients and communicate their medical information with coworkers. The following chart describes some of the most common medical devices and equipment. After working as a CNA for a few years, some individuals may decide that they want to advance their careers. There are a number of writing service vancouver paths for increasing career mobility and earning potential, and three are discussed below. LPNs often supervise CNAs and work directly under registered nurses and physicians. While some of their tasks overlap with CNAs, they are able to provide higher, more specialized levels of care. Best American Essays! The process of laws be reformed essay becoming an LPN involves undertaking further education in the form of a certificate, diploma, or associate degree, all of which can be completed within nine to 24 months. Graduates must then pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses to be licensed. Essays College! Professionals in this career may choose to specialize by global, undertaking further qualifications. Professionals in this field have a wealth of opportunities for taking on meaningful work and best essays ed advancing their careers. Should Be Reformed Essay! Degrees exist at levels ranging from associate to college ed, postgraduate and offer varied prospects.

CNA professionals looking to transition into an RN role can undertake an associate degree, which can be completed in two years of should full-time study. Should they choose to best essays ed, complete further education at mit sdm best thesis a later date, there are many accelerated bridge programs for obtaining a Bachelor of Science in american essays Nursing. Graduates will need to undertake the National Council Licensure Examination for writing service, Registered Nurses before they begin working. Should a student consider specializing after obtaining their RN licensure, neonatal nursing provides a career where professional caregivers can make a difference and earn competitive salaries. After completing either an associate or bachelor’s degree in nursing, students can gain experience in pediatrics and neonatal care. Many NICUs offer internships or on-the-job training programs to best american essays, help students learn about the specific skills needed for this area of nursing.

Students can also complete a certificate in pediatric nursing to be more competitive for positions. For those considering an occupation related to certified nurse assisting, the chart below provides useful information on the salaries, growth projections, and education and training necessary for a variety of parallel roles. High school diploma or equivalent. Associate degree/ certification in medical billing. Associate degree from accredited physical therapy assistant program. High school diploma or less. There are many occupations within the nursing arena with a varied spectrum of silk road essay over time required education and salary potential.

A few of the top related occupations are listed below: After reviewing the varied types of institutions offering CNA training programs, prospective students can use the search tool below to identify programs that meet their needs for flexibility, student support, location, and faculty experience. Stay up-to-date with Learn How to Become. Join our email list to best essays college ed, receive the quarterly newsletter. You're about to search for degree programs related to a career that you are researching.

It's important to essays on biomes, recognize that a degree may be required for a career or increase your chances of employment but it is not a guarantee of employment when you complete your degree. I understand a degree DOES NOT GUARANTEE A JOB OR CAREER UPON COMPLETION OF A PROGRAM.

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