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Miranda Rights essays
Antigone: Catharsis Analysis Essay. As stated by Sophocles in Antigone, Numberless are the world's wonders, but none More wonderful than man (Ode 1 1-2). Landscapes like the grand canyon, the wide expanse of oceans, weather, tall mountains are all magnificent features, but none as great as Man. Man is the only thing in this world, that has free will to think about right, anything or do anything whenever they want to. Is That True. If one wants to dance, he or she is free to do so, if one wants to sing he or she can do so. Man can also feel emotions such as happiness, sadness, or even confusion. The purging of emotions in reaction to something especially tragedies or music is known as a catharsis. In Antigone by essay right Sophocles, the global, audience experiences a catharsis for a show more content Haemon is another character who calls for right, a release of emotions by the audience. As Haemon learns of Antigone's rising conflict with Creon over the burial of Polyneicies, Haemon confronts Creon by stating I am your son, Father.
You are my guide. You make things clear for me, and I obey you. No marriage means more to me than your continuing wisdom (III 8-10). Haemon is engaged to Antigone, but now knowing that Creon craves for her death of, Haemon chooses to submit to his father's desires. Haemon gives up his marriage due to his father revealing the love and loyalty Haemon has for american dream great gatsby statement, his father. The audience lays compassion on miranda Haemon in such a situation where his loyalty to his father costs him the love of his life. Later on in the story, the messenger comes with grave news to the Choragus which is revealed to be that Haemon is dead; and the hand that killed him Is his own hand (Exodus 19-20). Haemon's enormous love Antigone Character Analysis Essay. representation of feminists broke all the k greenleaf, images of play writers in Greece and her strong characteristics defy the essay right, inappropriateness of her nature.Her boldness, bravery and , unyielding morals are all extremely important to her role in the play. Antigone has been given strong characteristics in her story and dream great statement because of this she does not stand around while and Creon's unjust law insults Polynices.
Her death was preferred because it was glorious and stoic. She was buried for doing what was right Literary Analysis of Feminism Seen in Antigone and A Doll’s House. In the play Antigone, The king of essay miranda Thebes, Creon, decrees that Polynices should not be given a proper burial because he is regents global history a traitor and turns against his city. When Antigone asks her sister, Ismene, to help her bury their brother, Ismene refuses to help her: “I’d do them no dishonor… but defy the city? I have no strength for that” (Sophocles 19). Ismene represents all the women in society and what is expected of women during this time period, which is weakness, subservience to men and essay miranda right their government Essay on Antigone Is a Tragedy by Aristotle#x27;s Rules.
Catharsis is american dream gatsby thesis statement a big part of Antigone and also Greek tragedy. When you want to essay miranda have a play that is a tragedy, a tragic hero is necessary. This tragic hero must be of high social standing. They must have a tragic flaw, something bad in their character, or make a bad decision that ruins a lot of people’s lives. The tragic hero in Antigone is Creon, the king. Creon is of high social standing because he is the king of Thebes. His major tragic flaw is he is arrogant. Robert K Greenleaf. I will bring her there the path Later when Ismene and Antigone confront Creon, Ismene is miranda right willing to die with Antigone even though she had no part of the criminal act. [I did it too, if she allows my claim; I share the citing a website in a, burden of this heavy charge.
But in your stormy voyage I am glad to share the danger, traveling at your side.] (Ismene, Lines 536 and 537, Lines 540 and miranda right 541) Antigone’s loyalty to dream great gatsby statement Ismene is shown when she forbids Ismene to accept punishment for something she had no part in. However, Antigone’s loyalty to essay miranda the gods However, Antigone is portrayed as gaunt, washed out, and unattractive. With such antagonism between the sisters, Sophocles presents drama by developing another form of rivalry and another reason for Antigone to citing a website in a research paper apa rebel against the law. At the end of the story when Antigone was listening to her punishment for burying Polynices, Ismene speaks up and attempts to be held responsible for the crime. She pleads with Antigone to let her die alongside her, however, Antigone did not want her sister of another attack. Essay Miranda. One can argue that it is hypocritical for Antigone to walk knowingly into her death when in the previous story Oedipus at essays Colonus she begged Polynices not to miranda go to war when he knew that he would die fighting Eteocles. Now her sister Ismene is essays doing the same thing by begging her not to act foolishly. Antigone could have easily prayed for Polynices at her lonesome, and many catastrophes would have been averted. Miranda. Antigone, however reflecting the stubbornness of her father Oedipus fails Sophocles believed that it was significant that the law of a persons conscience supersedes the law of the state. Antigone overlooks the law of the state and follows her heart to do what she knows is in a research apa morally right, opposed to a law created by a human with high authority.
She understands that the consequences are heavy for the act, however, she courageously concluded that the importance of the act was greater than the consequences. Essay Miranda Right. In the play, Haemon is brought to his father to be informed off the The Tragic Downfalls of Creon and Antigone in Sophocles#x27; Antigone. brothers. That Is That About Nature. However, Antigone disobeyed him because of her own pride. This becomes apparent in essay, her closing speech, where she says “you see me. on american dream great gatsby thesis my last journey. Right. my last leave. ” her references to herself puts her in a selfish light where she did not bury her brother for the sake of honouring the dead or the gods, but rather for her own stubborn satisfaction. Fate is another reason that Antigone buries her brother against the law of essay her uncle, the miranda, king. Assumedly, Antigone is receiving “the Creon does not let his relation with Antigone as her uncle affect his dealing with Antigone in any way.
He swears to punish her even if she is family. His job is to protect and uphold the american dream gatsby thesis statement, laws of the essay miranda right, state. If he does not punish Antigone he will look as though he is a weak ruler. Since Creon is related to Antigone, he must carry out the punishment of Antigone so the people of Thebes will see him as a strong and powerful king. Haemon does not want to Antigone to die for what she has done. He attempts Sophocles#x27; Antigone - Creon and thesis on gangs Antigone are Two of a Kind Essay. from a very boy? (ll. 711-712) For her part, Antigone has no regard for Creon's laws if they don't seem valid to her: Nor could I think that a decree of yours- A man-could override the laws of heaven Unwritten and essay miranda right unchanging. (ll. Is That About True. 442-444) Although they differ completely in essay right, principles, their opinionated dispositions are very similar.
Creon and Antigone both have a great sense of k greenleaf essay honor and stick to their word. Antigone is set on honoring her brother, regardless of the
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oedipus book report Recommended age: 11+ Photos by Johan Persson 2015. 'This theatrical version. is miranda IN A CLASS OF ITS OWN. Written in apa, a densely detailed language of essay miranda, athletic movement, subtle observation, visual splendour, fire, noise and tumult, it beautifully traces the book's inexorable progression from the survivors' first dream-like awareness of their situation into a demonic nightmare. Guaranteed to great gatsby grip older children and essay adults alike from start to finish' 'Timothy Sheader's production has the accumulating force of horror needed to pull off this story of essays global history, schoolboy air-disaster survivors on an uninhabited island, who briefly taste a paradise that is soon lost as they descend into savagery' 'This is miranda right a RIVETING stage version of great statement, William Golding's still shattering novel. and it unfolds with a dreadful, compelling inevitability.' 'A CINEMATIC SPECTACLE . Jon Bausor's eye-catching set confirms him as one of the most arresting designers around' We recommend this thrilling, large-scale production of this GCSE set text for miranda right, anyone who is apa delivering a Scheme of Work of essay right, William Golding's original novel to pupils 11+, or indeed anyone who would benefit from taking their students to citing in a research paper see a theatrical re-imagining of a literary masterpiece. An Education pack is available with a range of cross-curricular ideas suitable for students from KS3 to essay KS5. This includes activities for my classmate essay, students of right, Art and robert essay Design, Drama, Dance, English, Geography, Music, and PSHE. Right. We can also offer a From Page to Stage workshop for my classmate essay, school groups at essay the theatre before seeing a performance.
We hope that the thesis on gangs Regent's Park Theatre London's production, alongside our education resources, will be just a starting point for your ongoing study of essay, Lord of the Flies and citing research that the essay miranda right activities will help to engage your students in american great gatsby thesis statement, one of the miranda right most important stories in that is that nature, 20th Century literature. Please contact your local theatre for more information on schools performances and miranda group rates. 2015 Regent's Park Ventures Ltd.. Thesis On Gangs. All rights reserved. Site by essay right HdK.
Training: The BRIT School. Theatre includes: Our Town (Almeida); Liberian Girl (Royal Court). Television includes: The Damnation of Darwin, Code of a Killer, Cuffs. Film includes: Attack the Block, Colour. Television includes: Holby City. Film includes: Winged Warriors, The Schoolboy. Training: RADA / Chickenshed / National Youth Theatre. Theatre includes: Tales from the Shed (UK Tour).
Film includes: Farewell (London Film School). Opera includes: Death in citing in a research, Venice (ENO / Amsterdam Music Theatre). Jonathan Holby Naval Officer / Movement Fight Captain. For Regent's Park: Peter Pan. Theatre includes: The Importance of Being Earnest (Contexture Theatre); Mirrorball (Arcola / Latitude Festival); The Renaissance Body (RSC); Brian Looks like Alan Rickman (Black Coffee Theatre / York Theatre Royal); C (Japanese Tour); Fire (workshop, Royal Court). Film includes: Beatgirl, Blood and Glory. Radio includes: Mr Jones Goes Driving. Commercials include: Foamburst. Theatre includes: War Horse (New London); Fastest Clock in the Universe (Old Red Lion).
Television includes: Hollyoaks, Holby City, The Bill. Film includes: OXV: The Manual, Down Dog. Theatre includes: The Lion King (Lyceum); Thriller Live (Lyric / European Tour); The Scottsboro Boys (Garrick). Television includes: Oliver Twist, Lil-Lets Teen Issues, This Morning Christmas, Casualty, Doctors. Radio includes: BBC Radio 1 World War. Keenan was in the cast of miranda, The Scottsboro Boys which won the Evening Standard Award for Best Musical in 2014.
Fellipe spent a short period of time studying Musical Theatre at City Academy in London. This is american dream thesis his acting debut. Thiago was a dancer for miranda, several years. Robert Essay. This is essay his professional debut. Theatre includes: Sleeping Beauty (Royal Opera House). Television includes: Doctors, Luther, Sharpe's Peril, Beautiful People, Wild at Heart, The Secret of Eel Island, Silent Witness. Film includes: Cheerful Weather for thesis on gangs, the Wedding, The Christmas Miracle of Jonathan Toomey, Love Does Grow on Trees. Luke also received both the miranda right LAMDA and my classmate RADA gold awards.
He was the miranda winner of the Best Newcomer Award at The Rushes Soho Awards for that is that essays true, Love Does Grow on right, Trees, which was also nominated for Best Short Film at the British Independent Film Awards. Television includes: Holby City, Doctors, Crossing Lines, The Five. Film includes: Nativity!, Nativity 2: Danger in the Manger!. Guy is making his professional stage debut. Film includes: My Dad My Superhero. Other credits include: Dennis the robert essay Menace and the Gang (YouTube Channel). Benedict studies drama at Stagecoach Theatre Arts School (Beaconsfield) and is making his professional acting debut.
Training includes: Jackie Palmer Stage School, High Wycombe. Theatre includes: God Bless the miranda Child (Royal Court). Television includes: Peep Show, Silent Witness. Training: The Urdang Academy. Theatre includes: Closer to Heaven (Union). Television includes: Wolfpack, One Direction Tribute.
Commercials include: Talk Talk, Anti-Bullying Campaign. Music Videos include: David Lyke - Heartbeat, Consequences of the Kill. Modelling: Step N Pull Photoshoot. Consequences of the robert Kill won the Short Film of the Year Award. Training: Guildford School of miranda, Acting. Theatre includes: Table (Waterloo East Theatre). Training: Liverpool John Moores University. Theatre includes: A Midsummer Night’s Dream (The Bombed Out Church); Hamlet (Smack Alley Theatre); The Comedy of robert k greenleaf, Errors (National Tour); A Little Voice A Long Way From Here (Library Theatre). Timothy Sheader has been Artistic Director and essay Joint Chief Executive of Regent's Park Open Air Theatre since 2007. For Regent's Park, productions include: Peter Pan, All My Sons, The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess (nominated Best Musical Revival, Laurence Olivier Awards), To Kill a Mockingbird (WhatsOnStage Award, Best Play Revival), Ragtime, Crazy for regents essays global, You (Laurence Olivier Award, Best Musical Revival; also at the Novello Theatre), Lord of the Flies, Hello, Dolly! (Laurence Olivier Award, Best Musical Revival; Evening Standard Award, Best Musical), Romeo and miranda Juliet, The Crucible (Best Director of 2010, WhatsOnStage Awards), Into the american thesis statement Woods (Laurence Olivier Award, Best Musical Revival; also at Public Theater New York, Central Park).
Other theatre includes: Barnum (Chichester); The Magistrate (National Theatre); Imagine This (New London); Hobson's Choice, The Clandestine Marriage, Love in a Maze (Watermill); Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, The Three Musketeers (Bristol Old Vic); The Star Throwers, Unless (Stephen Joseph Theatre, Scarborough); Misconceptions (Derby Playhouse); Streetcar to essay miranda right Tennessee (Young Vic); Achilles (Edinburgh Fringe First); Wild, Wild Women (Orange Tree); Arms and citing in a paper apa the Man (National Tour) Piaf, Sweet Charity (Sheffield Crucible; TMA Best Musical Award); My Fair Lady (Aarhus Teater, Denmark). For Regent's Park as Director or Co-Director: Peter Pan, The Tempest, Into the Woods (Laurence Olivier Award, Best Musical Revival; also at Public Theatre, Central Park, New York), Lord of the miranda right Flies. For Regent's Park as Choreographer/Movement Director: The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess (Nominated Best Musical Revival, Laurence Olivier Awards), The Crucible, Romeo and Juliet. As a Director, credits include: Merlin (Northampton Theatre Royal); Paul Bunyan (Olivier Award for thesis on gangs, Outstanding Achievement in Opera for English Touring Opera); The Magic Flute, Gianni Schicchi, L'infidelta Delusa (all English Touring Opera); The Jungle Book (West Yorkshire Playhouse); Barnum (co-director/choreographer; Chichester Festival); The Marriage of Figaro (Opera Holland Park); Tom's Midnight Garden (TMA Award - Best Production for Children and Young People) and essay miranda Oliver Twist (both Library Theatre, Manchester); Absolute Beginners (Lyric Hammersmith); Vurt (Contact Theatre, Manchester); Hymns (Frantic Assembly / Lyric Hammersmith); The Singing Circle (Royal Opera House); Knots (Best Production Dublin International Theatre Festival, Scotsman Fringe First Award, Total Theatre Award / CoisCeim Dance Theatre Company). Choreography / movement direction includes: The Magistrate (National Theatre); The Taming of the Shrew (RSC); Ghost the robert essay Musical (Manchester Opera House / West End / Broadway / Korea / UK Tour / US Tour); Ben Hur Live (O2 Arena and International Tour); Imagine This (New London); Paradise Lost (Headlong Theatre Company / Northampton Theatre Royal); Pericles (RSC / Cardboard Citizens); Strictly Dandia (Herald Angel Award for essay right, Outstanding Choreographic Achievement / Tamasha Theatre Company).
Liam was responsible for all of the musical staging and choreography for nature, the feature film Les Miserables directed by Tom Hooper. Training: Motley Theatre Design Course and Oxford University. For Regent's Park: Peter Pan, To Kill a Mockingbird, Lord of the Flies, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Ragtime. Theatre includes: The James Plays (National Theatre / National Theatre of essay, Scotland); Hamlet, Twelfth Night, The Winter's Tale, The Comedy of Errors, The Homecoming (RSC); Ghost Stories (West End / Moscow / Toronto); Mametz (National Theatre of Wales; Best Design, UK Theatre Awards; Best Design, Welsh Theatre Awards); The Believers (Frantic Assembly); Bugsy Malone (Lyric Hammersmith); Terminus (Abbey Theatre, Dublin / Melbourne / Public Theatre, NY); Julius Caesar (Abbey Theatre, Dublin); The Soldiers Tale (Old Vic); HANG (Royal Court); KURSK (Young Vic / Sound and dream gatsby thesis Fury - nomination for Best Design Evening Standard Awards); My Name is miranda right Yusuf (Young Vic / Shebbahurr, Palestine); Lionboy (Complicite / New York); Water (Filter/ New York/ Sydney). Opera includes: The Knot Garden (Vienna); Queen of Spades (Edinburgh Festival Theatre); The Lighthouse (Montepulciano); The Human Comedy (Young Vic). Dance includes: No Man's Land (English National Ballet); Hansel and Gretel, Ghosts (Royal Opera House); Scribblings (Rambert); Blood Wedding (Finnish National Ballet); Carmen, Firebird (Norwegian National Ballet.
Jon designed the k greenleaf essay 2012 Paralympics Opening Ceremony in London and the sculpture to light the flame for essay miranda right, the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Games. Nick Powell Composer Sound Score. For Regent's Park: Peter Pan, All My Sons, Lord of the Flies, The Crucible. As Composer/Sound Designer: Wolf Hall/Bring Up The Bodies (RSC / West End / Broadway); Of Mice and Men (Birmingham Rep); The Nether (Royal Court / Headlong / West End); The Mistress Contract, The Ritual Slaughter of robert, Gorge Mastromas, Narrative, Get Santa! (co-creator), The Vertical Hour, Relocated (Royal Court); Othello (National); A Life of essay miranda, Galileo, Richard III (RSC); Bank On It (Theatre Rites); ‘Tis Pity She's A Whore (Cheek By Jowl); The Danton Affair (Stadsteatern Gothenburg); 27, The Wheel, The Wonderful World of Dissocia (National Theatre of thesis on gangs, Scotland); Dunsinane (National Theatre of right, Scotland / RSC / UK and US Tours); Falstaff, Urtain, Marat- Sade (Spanish National Theatre); Paradise (Rhur Triennale / Theatre Rites); Panic (Improbable); Bonheur (Comedie Francais); Realism (Edinburgh International Festival / National Theatre of citing in a research, Scotland); The Wolves in miranda, the Walls (National Theatre of that true nature, Scotland / Improbable), Lanark (Edinburgh International Festival). Awards: Premios Max Award for essay miranda, Best Musical Composition for Scenic Arts (Urtain, Animalario). That About. Nick also writes extensively for essay miranda right, TV and dream gatsby thesis statement film. He is half of essay miranda right, OSKAR, who have released two albums and thesis on gangs produced installations for the VA and right CCA, as well as written live soundtracks for in a research paper apa, Prada in essay, Milan.
For Regent's Park: The Crucible. Recent lighting designs include: The Matchbox (Galway International Arts Festival); The Hudsucker Proxy (Nuffield / Liverpool Playhouse); Blasted (Sheffield Crucible); The Walworth Farce (Landmark Productions, Ireland); Mistletoe Crime (Lyric Theatre, Belfast); A Streetcar Named Desire, (Liverpool Playhouse); Twelfth Night (Liverpool Everyman); Our Few and thesis on gangs Evil Days, The Risen People, Drum Belly (Abbey Theatre, Dublin); Molly Sweeney (Gate Theatre, Dublin); Before it Rains (Sherman Cymru / Bristol Old Vic), Woyzeck, The Hairy Ape (Corcadora Theatre Company); Penelope (Druid); Don Quichotte, Idomeneo (Grange Park Opera); La Boheme , Wake (Nationale Reisopera); Christina, Regina Di Svezia, Snegurochka, Penelope (Wexford Opera Festival); The Makropulos Case, Der Fliegende Hollander (Opera Zuid, Netherlands); Dead Man Walking (Opera Ireland); Lost (Ballet Ireland); Cassandra, Hansel Gretel (Royal Ballet); No Man's Land (English National Ballet). Avgoustos Psillas for essay right, Autograph Sound Designer. Avgoustos joined the citing in a paper apa Autograph sound design team in 2008. Essay Miranda Right. Autograph is a leading British sound design and in a paper equipment hire company, responsible for numerous theatre productions at home and miranda right abroad. For Regent's Park: Hobson's Choice, Winter's Tale, To Kill a Mockingbird (UK Tour). As Designer for Autograph: Ages, EPIDEMIC the essays history Musical (Old Vic); Shrek, Avenue Q, Legally Blonde (UK Tour); Blues in the Night (Hackney Empire); Spamalot (Playhouse, Harold Pinter Theatres / UK Tours 2009-2015); Sondheim at 80: Merrily We Roll Along, Company (Queen's Theatre); Holding the Man, Being Shakespeare (Trafalgar Studios); Pygmalion (Garrick); Aladdin, Jack and miranda right the Beanstalk, Cinderella, Puss in Boots, Dick Whittington, Mother Goose (Hackney Empire); Laurence Olivier Awards Ceremonies 2009- 2014 (Royal Opera House). As Associate Designer: The Machine (Manchester International Festival / Park Ave Armory NYC); The Curious Incident of the that true Dog in the Night-Time, Jerusalem (Apollo); Daddy Long Legs (St James Theatre); Passion (Donmar); Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (UK Tour); The Rise and Fall of Little Voice (Vaudeville). Future work includes: Oliver! (Curve, Leicester). Pippa Ailion CDG Casting Director. For Regent's Park: The Gershwins' Porgy and essay miranda right Bess, The Sound of regents, Music, Ragtime, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Lord of the Flies, Into the Woods, The Importance of Being Earnest.
West End theatre includes: Gypsy (and Chichester), Bend it Like Beckham, Memphis, Sunny Afternoon, From Here To Eternity, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The Book of Mormon, Wicked (and UK Tour), Billy Elliot, The Lion King (and UK Tour), We Will Rock You, Top Hat (and UK Tour), The Pajama Game, Kiss Me Kate, Sweeney Todd, Love Story (and Chichester), Legally Blonde. Other theatre includes: American Psycho (Almeida); The Fairy Queen (Glyndebourne); Here Lies Love, Fela! (National Theatre / Broadway). Forthcoming theatre includes: Guys and Dolls, Motown, Dreamgirls (West End). Kate Waters is one of only right, two women on the Equity Register of thesis on gangs, Fight Directors. For Regent's Park: Peter Pan, Seven Brides for right, Seven Brothers, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Gershwins' Porgy and history Bess, Lord of the Flies. Theatre includes: Othello, Rules For Living, Dara, Hotel, The Comedy of Errors, Frankenstein, Season's Greetings, Hamlet (National Theatre); The Curious Incident of the Dog in essay, the Night- Time, War Horse (National / West End); One Man Two Guvnors (National / West End / Broadway / World Tour); The Last Goodbye (The Old Globe, San Diego, California); Liberian Girl (Royal Court); Black Comedy (Chichester Festival ); Urinetown The Musical (St James / West End); Don Giovanni (Royal Opera House); From Here To Eternity (West End); East Is East, Richard III (with Martin Freeman), Macbeth, The Ruling Class (with James McAvoy, Trafalgar Studios); Henry IV, Julius Caesar (Donmar); Hamlet (RSC); Noises Off (Old Vic / West End); The Duchess of Malfi (Old Vic). Television includes: Kate is a regular fight director for k greenleaf, Coronation Street and miranda right Hollyoaks. Barbara Houseman Voice and thesis on gangs Text Coach.
Barbara is a Voice and miranda Text Coach and Director. Global. She has been Voice and essay Text Coach for numerous productions at Regent's Park since 2009 including To Kill a Mockingbird, Lord of the Flies, The Crucible and thesis on gangs The Importance of essay, Being Earnest. Essay. She was also Associate Director (Voice and Text) for A Midsummer Night's Dream and Ragtime, and essay miranda right Season Associate Director for that essays, the 2014 Season. Production Voice Coach includes: The Curious Incident of the essay Dog in the Night-Time (Gielgud); Richard III, Macbeth (Trafalgar Studios); Henry IV, Coriolanus, Trelawney of the Wells, Julius Caesar (Donmar); The Machine (Donmar at Manchester International Festival / St Anne's Brooklyn); The Full Monty (Sheffield Lyceum / Tour); Macbeth (Sheffield Crucible); Sweet Bird of Youth, The Duchess of Malfi, Playboy of the american dream great gatsby statement Western World (Old Vic); Britannicus (Wilton's Music Hall); Government Inspector (Young Vic). Personal Voice Coach include: for Will Young, Cabaret (Savoy); for Jude Law, Henry V (Noel Coward); Anna Christie (Donmar); Hamlet (Wyndhams); for miranda right, Daniel Radcliffe, Cripple of Innishmaan (Noel Coward / Broadway); How to regents global Succeed in Business (Broadway); Equus (Gielgud / Broadway); for Kenneth Branagh, Richard III (Sheffield Crucible). Associate Director responsible for Voice and miranda right Text: Romeo and k greenleaf Juliet (Naples Festival); The Comedy of Errors, More Grimm Tales (Young Vic). Barbara was also Voice and Text Coach for the Royal Shakespeare Company for six years. Majella has been a dialect coach for miranda right, numerous productions at essays history Regent's Park since 2009 including Hello, Dolly!, Lord of the miranda right Flies, Ragtime and robert essay To Kill a Mockingbird. Theatre includes: Hamlet (Barbican); City of miranda right, Angels, Fathers and in a research apa Sons, Coriolanus (Donmar); Miss Saigon (Prince Edward); Jeeves and miranda right Wooster (Duke of Yorks); Translations (Sheffied Crucible / English Touring Theatre); Handbagged (Tricycle / Vaudeville); Jerusalem (Apollo); The Kitchen (National Theatre); Journey's End (West End / Broadway); Pygmalion (Broadway); Abigail's Party (Hampstead / West End / Theatre Royal Bath); Our Boys (Duchess); Some Girls (Geilgud); Sweeney Todd (Chichester); After the thesis on gangs Party (Almeida); Wicked (Victoria Apollo). Television includes: Game of miranda, Thrones (Series 3, HBO); Poldark, What We Did On Our Holiday, Cranford 1/11 (BBC); Wuthering Heights (ITV). Film includes: Toast, With or Without You, Endgame.
For Regent's Park as Assistant Director: Peter Pan, All My Sons, Ragtime, The Sound Of Music. Resident Director: To Kill A Mockingbird (Regent's Park and Tour). As Assistant Director: The Pajama Game (Chichester); Imago, The Rape of Lucretia (2014/15), The Turn of The Screw (Glyndebourne Opera House). As a performer theatre includes: Road Show (Menier); Honk (Royal Derngate, Northampton); A Little Night Music (Garrick); Noises Off (Liverpool Everyman); The Three Musketeers (Bristol Old Vic); 5/11, Out of my classmate essay, this World, Seven Doors, The Gondoliers, How To Succeed In Business (Chichester Festival and Minerva Theatre); Wizard of miranda, Oz (Birmingham Rep); Sweeney Todd, Marriage of american dream great thesis statement, Figaro (New Vic); The Shakespeare Review (UK / World Tour); Alice in essay miranda, Wonderland (RSC); Assassins (New End); Eugene Onegin (Lyric Hammersmith); Sunday in the Park with George, The Sound of Music (Leicester Haymarket). Television includes: Judge John Deed, Doctors, Harley Street.
Ricky Dukes is Artistic Director of great gatsby thesis statement, Lazarus Theatre Company and essay was awarded Best Artistic Director at The Fringe Report Awards 2012. As Assistant Director credits include: Morning till Midnight, Melly Still, (NT Studio Workshop); Edward II, Joe Hill-Gibbins, (NT Studio / Young Vic Workshop). Directing credits include: Troilus and robert essay Cressida, Coriolanus (Tristan Bates); Henry V (Union Theatre); The Merchant of essay miranda, Venice (The Jack Studio, Brockley); King Lear, Dido Queen of thesis on gangs, Carthage (Greenwich); Hecuba (New Diorama); Oedipus, The Spanish Tragedy, Macbeth, Don Carlos, Women of essay miranda right, Troy, The White Devil, The Duchess of essays about true nature, Malfi, Othello, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Hatpin (Blue Elephant);Sweeney Todd, Nine (Ye Olde Rose and Crown).
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ALEX'S DESIGN ILLUSTRATIONS - Graphic Designer / Consultant Resume Example. 42 PM, Harris, Drew wrote: Alex -- thanks very much for the expedited printing. Essay Miranda Right. I will do my best to get there this afternoon, what time do you close. My Classmate. If I can't get there before you close I will be there first thing in the AM. Essay Miranda. what time do you open?) Drew From: Derienko, Alex firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: EPIC 2011 postcard proof Date: March 27, 2017 at 3:05 PM To: On Dec 10, 2010, at thesis on gangs 11:52 AM, Brown, Karlotta C wrote: Thanks for the quick turnaround Alex. Essay. I have passed this along to thesis on gangs the course director for final approval. I will send you print quantities as soon as I here back from the course director. Essay Miranda Right. I appreciate your help. Karlotta. ALEX'S DESIGN ILLUSTRATIONS – STONE MOUNTAIN , GA. Emory University Auburn University Equitrade Roman Trading The Lewis Chemical Co Sappori de Napoli.
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climax essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques.
Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the miranda right end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and a website unstressed syllables. Miranda Right. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the thesis on gangs Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in essay miranda the new language.
Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from regents essays or used to essay right make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the k greenleaf essay justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and right narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by my classmate essay, the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to right those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the thesis on gangs canon denotes the entire body of miranda right literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio.
NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of is that about true literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to essay miranda dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in thesis on gangs part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to right achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.
Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. My Classmate Essay. (1) It refers generally to miranda the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the my classmate praise of beauty is essay a canzone. Essays History. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of miranda Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to thesis on gangs the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in essay right the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of that is that about true nature prudence, temperance, fortitude, and essay miranda justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of in a research a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation.
However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the essay roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the american gatsby thesis statement two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for essay right, a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in a website in a research apa the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and essay miranda a mistake).
This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of thesis on gangs Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to essay curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Is That Essays About True. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of essay right a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the robert same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the essay miranda possessive case of they . Essay. Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to right words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information.
CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by research paper, specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the essay use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of about true nature speech or an essay miranda implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . Thesis On Gangs. The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of essay miranda that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the essay bottom of a crackerjack box.
The image of essay a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you.
A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the american great gatsby thesis shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette.
One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the essay miranda catachresis might evoke the american dream great statement idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the essay imagery of robert k greenleaf torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of essay miranda evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an my classmate Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of right water or fall into about true, a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about essay right blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance.
He is said to american gatsby thesis have exclaimed, Now that is essay right a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the robert k greenleaf essay cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. Essay Miranda. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the dream great thesis statement resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.
Purists of essay right languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of essays global totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and essay miranda right growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to my classmate stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and miranda inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. Is That Essays About True Nature. E. Housman is essay right catalectic:
And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the robert k greenleaf other hand, in trochaic verse, the essay miranda final syllable tends to that is that essays about nature be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the miranda right senses they quicken.
The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to thesis on gangs a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. Miranda. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in that is that essays about true nature battle and slaughtered.
The technique is also common in the practice of miranda giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. Thesis On Gangs. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in miranda section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of essay his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and right cautious stretches,
The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and dream great gatsby thesis rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the essay miranda more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in thesis on gangs the fourth act of the play after the essay miranda right climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the essay groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the right poem.
For example, one might write a song in which the thesis on gangs first line contained the words up, the essay miranda right word look appears in the middle of the essay third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is essay arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to global history the amusement of the essay right audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of in a lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of miranda Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from great statement printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at essay miranda, the bottom of a page.
This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and is that essays about true making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from essay miranda right tension and great gatsby thesis anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c.
350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an miranda right action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . Essay. through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in essay right his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. Citing In A Research Paper. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for right, their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. My Classmate. See Cavalier drama and right Cavalier poets , below.
Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to my classmate the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the miranda right reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the dream thesis statement 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the essay miranda right Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick.
They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). Robert Essay. They show strong signs of essay right Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of apa Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the miranda right details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of essays Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against miranda right, King Saul, possibly implying that the essays history members of the Cave at essay miranda, Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S.
Lewis, J.R.R. Thesis On Gangs. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. Essay. They were distinguished scholars of that is that essays true various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S.
Lewis took it upon himself to essay miranda raid the a website Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and essay miranda several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. Robert K Greenleaf. In the miranda section on citing research education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. Miranda. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the citing a website paper shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world.
C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and essay miranda right more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the thesis on gangs ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in essay miranda right Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature.
It began in citing a website in a research paper apa the late 1700s and continues to this day. Right. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in regents essays global history 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of essay a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in a website research apa great detail. The term originates in essay miranda right an occupational position in the Roman government.
After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for robert essay, tax estimations, but in miranda right latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for great gatsby, citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of essay miranda right 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of thesis on gangs Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of miranda alteration in his early works to conform to american thesis statement the requirements of the right censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the thesis on gangs horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the essay miranda right twin brother of global history King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe.
Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the essay right Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and k greenleaf bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and essay miranda right it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy.
After pews gradually become common in essays about true nature late medieval churches near the turn of the essay miranda right Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in robert k greenleaf a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the miranda right Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on global their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection.
Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Right. Thus, the is that essays about true centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in essay miranda right Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and my classmate objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in essay right descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by is that essays about true, God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and essay right Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the regents essays global history Chain were thought to correspond to miranda right each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for that is that nature, more information.
CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the essay miranda right Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. A Website Research Paper. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of miranda identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . That Is That Essays. They focus on religious aspects of essay chivalry rather than courtly love or the thesis on gangs knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and miranda right intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. My Classmate Essay. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the essay miranda most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Essay. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an essay individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.
The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and regents global history dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). Essay Miranda. The main character of a work of a fiction is thesis on gangs typically called the essay miranda protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the essays history narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Essay Miranda Right. These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and that essays nature action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). Essay Right. On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S.
Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in thesis on gangs the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to miranda imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for essay, indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound.
For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in miranda right its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an american statement x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by essay right, Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on that is that about true nature Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the essay right grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf.
Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. My Classmate. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and right helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in is that about deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information.
This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of essay right knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the citing a website in a research King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and essay miranda right swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ,
To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in that is that essays about true nature classical Greece. Miranda. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of global history narrative literature that serves the essay miranda same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and thesis on gangs commenting upon essay miranda right or explaining this action to the audience. Thesis On Gangs. See chorus , below.
CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. Right. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. Essays History. For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to essay right explain the research apa passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the right gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the american thesis statement plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the essay miranda canon of great novels in Western civilization.
Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and a website research apa whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Miranda Right. Examples of christological figures include the that is that about true nature Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and essay lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of k greenleaf Narnia , who allows himself like the essay miranda right lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and in a paper the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to essay right support her ungrateful husband and american dream great statement crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and right up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events.
It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of american statement this, chronicles often contain large amounts of essay right folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is essay one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in essay miranda right 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . Dream Gatsby Statement. . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the essay miranda right myth that all change is beneficial progress. Essay. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the essay right 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies.
In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and american gatsby thesis statement Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in essay miranda right history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and american dream gatsby thesis death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and miranda right bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the essay living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to essay right speak of the Olympian in contrast to thesis on gangs the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth).
See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:
Line 1 - Consists of the miranda right two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of in a paper four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for essay miranda right, the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and essay professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.
CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of essay miranda right artistic structure in which a sense of essays history completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of right closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is citing a website in a apa engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of essay miranda right a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the research paper apa same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the right opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the robert cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and essay miranda right again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas.
They commonly wrote in oposition to in a paper the aesthetic theories of the essay Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and my classmate Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the miranda right word fruition in my classmate essay Middle English meant enjoyment. Essay. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314).
CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in regents essays reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and essay right 410 BCE. Works created during the robert k greenleaf Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is right commonly held to be the thesis on gangs fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and essay revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. Thesis On Gangs. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the essay miranda right predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and thesis on gangs a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in miranda the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival.
Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is robert k greenleaf essay known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by essay right, itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of citing a website research clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature.
Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of essay miranda scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in american dream statement the odium. Of having discovered sodium.
CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and essay right bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to k greenleaf avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the miranda tongue rather than expelling it from the my classmate lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Right. Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by in a research paper, inserting an essay miranda right exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens.
The term comes from the regents essays global common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the essay miranda story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in is that essays true a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of essay greatest intensity and dream gatsby thesis is thereafter resolved. It is miranda also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in gatsby statement the action. Essay Right. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the global history two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and miranda right artistic ornament. Click here for more information.
The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to essay reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for essay, breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to my classmate essay the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and essay traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the is that essays true problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of essay right closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in essay a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the miranda death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to thesis on gangs each character in the novel. Miranda Right. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. Thesis On Gangs. R. Right. R. My Classmate Essay. Tolkien's The Lord of the miranda right Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to american dream gatsby statement fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions.
Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by miranda right, circular structure , in global history which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the miranda right audience's sense of closure. Examples of that is that essays nature literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Essay Miranda. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in robert k greenleaf comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and miranda other Shakespearean characters. Is That. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and miranda right jokes at is that about true, court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to essay speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and k greenleaf essay wordplay.
Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the essay miranda right term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. Citing In A Research. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the essay miranda right word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. In A Research Paper Apa. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to essay be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of is that about true nature t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to miranda be spreading across the island.
See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of is that true nature slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Essay Right. Here, the essays about nature phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the essay miranda final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to gatsby statement death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in essay miranda literature.
The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the citing a website paper apa Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in essay miranda right Hispanic American English and in american dream great gatsby the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Miranda Right. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in thesis on gangs sound and essay right meaning, (2) come from a common root in regents global an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to essay miranda right Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish).
Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the in a research apa root or ancestor for these relatives. Essay Miranda Right. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and is that essays nature the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an essay miranda right important part in regents essays reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to essay miranda right have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically.
Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and regents global the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of miranda individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the thesis on gangs modifier rather than the headword for essay right, singular versus plural structure. My Classmate. For instance, Some of the right the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb.
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to a website research paper each generation to the next in essay folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. A Website Research. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to right fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about my classmate a high person or tall mountain, and essay right this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and citing a website research relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. Right. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to essays global refer to essay right the years in the American colonies before the citing a website in a paper American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the essay Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the citing research paper colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet.
See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the miranda term, they sometimes tend to apply the essays about nature word colonial in essay miranda more general reference to the British expansions into thesis on gangs, the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and essay miranda the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to american dream gatsby the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the miranda right form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. Thesis On Gangs. On a more subtle level, this process can take the miranda form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and my classmate essay globalistic erasure of essay miranda cultural differences. That About True. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the essay colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . My Classmate. See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens.
The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Miranda Right. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the thesis on gangs word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in essay right tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in that essays about which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and essay miranda right others, show signs of essay having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of right flat character in robert k greenleaf whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of right such behaviors) designed to american dream gatsby thesis alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. Essay Right. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on that is that essays about true trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by essay right, walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it.
The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and essay Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the essay miranda right comedy of innocence in k greenleaf essay customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of essay granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by dream gatsby statement, later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is right likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.
Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the great thesis statement motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is miranda replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to that essays safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the essay miranda right dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and regents essays interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of essay five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and that is that about nature morality.
The dialogue is essay right usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite american dream great thesis statement, of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. Essay Right. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and american dream great gatsby thesis simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the essay miranda right action. Citing A Website. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of essay miranda right comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in american great statement Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.
The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and essay right Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the that essays about center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the miranda right security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . American Great Gatsby. The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and essay Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of thesis on gangs fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and essay right they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to my classmate essay outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of essay miranda right early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of k greenleaf Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue.
Typically, the essay right plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in thesis on gangs foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is essay right a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. That Essays. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and essay miranda right Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of american great gatsby thesis statement iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables).
This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is miranda right occasionally referred to regents essays as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority.
A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in right poetry is to regents essays global take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of essay common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from thesis on gangs its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of essay conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in that is that essays about Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the essay miranda conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of history a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation.
The birth-tale in general is miranda not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of essays about nature Irish literature include the birth of miranda right Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in in a research apa Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in essay miranda right the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. Thesis On Gangs. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of miranda right various animals. For instance, in american dream great gatsby thesis Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and essay miranda right a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and thesis on gangs breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and essay miranda a human head where the horse-head should be; the my classmate minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and miranda the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the in a paper formecolion, with an essay miranda ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent.
Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of k greenleaf essay classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in essay right traveler's tales, in which an animal is my classmate essay describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the right encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of that essays nature dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in essay right spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by my classmate, selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).
COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the essay creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. In A Research Paper. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the essay right word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and essay kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.
A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. Essay Right. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to citing in a research his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the miranda beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry.
In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for robert k greenleaf, instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of essay miranda right metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and essay dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the right five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. My Classmate. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in essay right his 1595 treatise, Apologie for my classmate, Poetrie . Essay Miranda Right. A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to american dream great gatsby thesis value the generality of abstract thought. Essay Right. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. My Classmate. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate.
Ezra Pound and T. E. Right. Hulme attempted to create a theory of thesis on gangs concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to miranda right this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the essay text appears situated on the page. Right. The actual shape of the citing a website lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in essay miranda some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Dream Great. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on essay miranda the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Dream Great Thesis Statement. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956.
In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by essay miranda, critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and essay Ian Hamilton Finlay. Essay Miranda. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of thesis on gangs a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Miranda. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the american dream great thesis statement subject of the human heart in conflict with itself.
Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to essay right death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to my classmate essay stay alive and get to shore). Essay. Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against american dream gatsby thesis statement, his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of essay miranda narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to dream great gatsby destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and essay the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish:
CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the essay terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at essay miranda right, social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of regents history revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. Essay. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for regents global history, example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the essay miranda right words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.
As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and that essays languor or rider , reader , raider , and essay miranda ruder . Citing A Website Research Apa. Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. Essay Right. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in k greenleaf the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on essay right this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Essays Global. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication.
Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of essay a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and my classmate Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in right Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in robert essay Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of essay miranda right sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in my classmate verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to essay miranda right the nature of great gatsby thesis statement a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the essay right A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).
These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and citing research apa different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to miranda use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and that about nature folio versions--including Hamlet and essay King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for a website in a research apa, his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is miranda conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in robert love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. Essay. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of dream great statement hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances.
It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and essay miranda the soliloquy are conventions in that is that essays Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in right a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an citing research apa arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of miranda right Being. The idea was that different links on dream gatsby statement the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and essay right rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God.
Each type of object had a primate , which was by a website in a paper, nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and essay superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. American Dream Great Thesis Statement. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of right ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on regents essays global history stage.
See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and miranda the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for k greenleaf essay, details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of essay right Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and thesis on gangs the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by essay miranda right, counting the robert numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to miranda form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the thesis on gangs form in miranda English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the that is that late 1700s.
Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the essay volta in an English sonnet is a website in a research apa called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of miranda love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. Essays. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and right put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and about nature so on. Essay Miranda. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of a website in a research paper love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and right Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of great gatsby thesis Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Right. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject.
Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to citing a website in a paper modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and miranda Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to that is that essays about protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.
Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to essay another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of is that essays about true nature arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of right Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of a website in a research courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and right make use of imagery and citing a website in a wording common to essay the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes.
The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and thesis on gangs wishes on miranda medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and my classmate fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language.
On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Miranda. See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot.
At the thesis on gangs moment of crisis in essay a story, it is that is that about nature unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to right or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the thesis on gangs two terms synonymously. Miranda Right. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and history logic in right order to determine the validity of an argument. Often this term is american dream great gatsby thesis statement used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in essay right which the k greenleaf essay editor indicates all the known variations of essay miranda a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:
Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the thesis on gangs opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the miranda B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at my classmate, a glance, but the editor presumes the miranda right reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms.
The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in research paper his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Essay Miranda Right. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in essays global Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the essay right best text. Thesis On Gangs. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and essay miranda right indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu.
Wm. Is That Essays About True. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to essay miranda publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. Is That Essays True. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. Miranda. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the american great statement page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.
Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for miranda, a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. American Thesis. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in right the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about citing a website paper apa 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. Essay Right. In the case of Chaucer, about research paper 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and essay so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for essay, a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in miranda green are regular rhyme.
Crossed rhyme is great thesis statement also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to miranda Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the my classmate first sonnet. Essay Right. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is essay much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in essay structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and my classmate essay Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. Essay Miranda. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of is that about R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into miranda, darkness and that essays about true nature terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Essay Right. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and thesis on gangs Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the miranda mythos include the following:
CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thesis on gangs thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of essay miranda right marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in my classmate essay balance, the essay right white crane as a symbol of longevity in dream great gatsby statement Mandarin China, and so forth. Essay Miranda. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and my classmate be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into miranda, the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the a website research apa priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Miranda. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in dream great thesis the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and essay features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school.
Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the essay dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and essay miranda sensory reality. Is That About. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to essay right be almost cliché . Regents Essays Global History. The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and essay other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in dream great thesis statement the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of miranda these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. American Gatsby Thesis. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by essay right, various artists over several centuries.
These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to in a paper the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of essay miranda right which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the dream great gatsby thesis statement world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. Miranda. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is great statement AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. Essay. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of that is that essays about nature nine syllables.
The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to essay miranda right Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the robert essay consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. Essay Miranda. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to regents global history such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in essay right English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for my classmate, an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an essay right Anglo-Saxon poetic device.
CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. My Classmate. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. Essay Miranda Right. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of essay this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an essay miranda abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to citing a website in a Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.
Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the right Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and my classmate later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of essay miranda Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter.
In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the is that about term refers to essay right a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of my classmate essay Welsh verse consisting of miranda right a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and regents essays seven respectively.
The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and essay right the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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The secret sharer critical analysis. The Secret Sharer written by Joseph Conrad, centers around a character of a sea captain. Its title and opening paragraphs forecast a story of essay right mystery, isolation, duality, darkness and silence. The novel proves true these predictions reveling thematic and image patterns directly proportional to them. In A Research Paper Apa? The opening of the novel further reveals dialectics in the novel. The clash between the private and the public world or man versus society, in other words is the primary dialectic.
The journey theme or the rite of passage theme also reveal themselves. We see a young and inexperienced captain grow and explore himself and essay miranda, the world around him, and in the process becoming a functional member of american great gatsby thesis a society. The novella may be only essay miranda, fifty pages long but its words speak volumes. The first indication of a course that a novel may take is thesis on gangs, its title. The three little words contained in the title give rise to many interpretations. An image generated by the title could be that of a gossip. Miranda Right? Since a gossip is someone who tells people's secrets, or in other words is a secret sharer if the word secret is taken for a noun, it is a possibility that this image might come to mind. Another image is that of a person who shares in secrecy, therefore becoming a secret sharer, if the word secret is taken for an adjective.
This could be an image of a miser, who generally does not share his wealth, but does so only in thesis on gangs secrecy. A secret sharer could also be an imaginary friend. It would be a person who is secretive, and you share your thoughts with them. A Biblical interpretation of the secret sharer could be that of the snake in the garden of essay Eden. That Is That Essays? Since the snake shares the ultimate secret of knowledge with Adam and right, Eve, it could be considered a secret sharer.
The connotations of the two main words in the title show a contradiction. A secret has a mysterious somewhat evil connotation, while a sharer has a benevolent and my classmate, good connotation. This gives rise to a possibility of a good and evil dialectic. The denotation of secret is something kept private, sharing is, however, a public act. This brings to light the dialectic of the public versus the private world. The opening paragraphs bring to right life the world of the work.
The place where the characters move and have their being is a sail ship in this novel. The laws that define the character behavior are similar to in a research paper the laws of a standard ship operation. There is a chain of command that must be respected. Also, there are rules and regulations to the liberties of the shipmates. Essay Miranda? This is evident in the greetings between the lower officers and a website in a research paper apa, the captain. Miranda? Also, captain's commands must be respected, as they were when he sent the citing a website in a research apa, night watchmen away.
The laws of the ship do not permit violations. There is a great need for essay right order for a ship to function. Therefor one can assume since the setting is a ship, that the laws will not permit violations. Later on, we find out of a website in a Laggett's predicament. There is punishment for breaking a law.
Likewise, captain will face punishment if found to be harboring a criminal. Therefore laws do not permit violations. As for essay miranda right deity, there is little influence of God in a website research paper apa the novel, so one is not able to judge if the laws permit the belief in God. There are definite links between cause and effect. Captain's are obeyed. The effect of his first order is mistrust from the essay miranda right, crew in his abilities. The world is thesis on gangs, both real and essay miranda, fictional. It is real in the fact there are no supernatural elements, but fictional in the fact that it came from the author's imagination. The world is highly structured due to the fact that it is a ship where there is a clear hierarchy and laws. Furthermore, the world is restricted to a place, but not time. Specific circumstances tie the k greenleaf, world to the ship, but time plays no role in it.
The archetypal elements found in the opening paragraphs and throughout the book reveal the hidden meanings and intentions of the author. The two small clumps of trees which symbolize generative and degenerative processes, growth, proliferation, consistence and immortality, mark the mouth of the river Meinam which in turn symbolizes the rebirth, the flowing of time into eternity and the transitional phases of the life cycle, present the work in miniature. Also, the mouth of a river is where the salt water meets the fresh water symbolizing the place where the consciousness and the unconsciousness meet. The two trees are an essay miranda exponent of in a research apa duality a recurrent theme in the novel. Essay Miranda Right? They also reflect the secret partnership to be formed between Leggatt and the captain. Furthermore, the green color of the trees symbolizes growth touching upon the theme of the rite of passage. The captain comes into the sea, an archetypal symbol of spiritual mystery and infinity, death and rebirth, timelessness and thesis on gangs, eternity, and the unconscious. This marks a beginning of a journey into the unknown for miranda right the captain. The sun shining overhead symbolized the law of nature, the creative energy, and the consciousness. The ship can therefore be seen as in a balance between unconsciousness and consciousness. The blue color of the sea symbolizes a positive side, truth and spiritual purity.
The land that the essay, captain left behind symbolizes the mother. Further more adding to the growth of the captain. The pattern of mysteriousness seen in the opening paragraphs of the novel continues to appear throughout it. From the first sentence a mysterious system of half submerged bamboo fence the theme is essay miranda, established. Even from the title one can assume a theme of secrecy which directly implies mysteriousness. Furthermore the crew does not know their captain, and the captain does not know his crew. This fact adds to the mystery, especially after the mysterious and strange order not to global have a night watch given by the captain. Miranda Right? In addition, the names of the ship and the captain are withheld establishing a sense of mystery. The meeting of Leggatt adds yet another mystery. Mysterious shades of night progress to essays true nature mysterious communication established between the narrator and Leggatt who mysteriously emerged from the sea. Also, the captain's action of hiding Leggatt brings more mystery to the crew.
Likewise, Captain Archbold saw in the narrator, a mysterious similitude to the young fellow he had distrusted and disliked from the first. The character of essay Leggatt is mysterious in itself. The reader is never fully understands the true nature of Leggatt's actions. Also, the past lives of all characters in the novel are never mentioned or considered. Another theme clustered throughout the novel is isolation. Same as mystery, isolation is projected in the title and opening paragraphs.
Isolation brings about a need for sharing. The first sentence abandoned forever by some nomad tribe of fisherman now gone to the other end of the ocean; for there was no sign of human habitation as far as the eye could reach, foreshadows the appearance of isolation and seclusion. Further more, the robert essay, narrator is a stranger to everyone on the ship. As the captain remarked, my strangeness, which had made me sleepless, had promoted that unconventional arrangement, as if I had expected in those solitary hours of the night to get on terms with the ship of which I knew nothing, manned by men of whom I knew very little more. This isolation is broken by the entrance of yet another stranger, Leggatt. Much like the captain he was also a stranger on essay miranda right his ship. Also, he spent many days locked up in isolation on his former ship, and two nights after that swimming in isolation. Even with this arrival.
The captain is still isolated from the crew. The feelings of isolation subside, however. It's a great satisfaction to have got somebody to understand. Regents Essays Global? Thus, Leggatt was created to break the feeling of isolation for both the captain and right, himself. Starting in the opening paragraphs, the patterns of silence and robert essay, calmness are projected in the novel. I saw the strait line of the flat shore joined to the stable sea instills in a reader a scene of calmness and order. She floated at the starting point of a long journey, very still in an immense stillness . there was not a sound in her - and around us nothing moved further adds to the effect.
Further on in the essay, novel the captain was met by the profound silence of the fore end of the ship. When the captain takes his stroll he notices all was still down there. Everything in the novel from solemnity of perfect solitude in citing in a research apa atmosphere of the opening paragraphs, to right the silent young man character of the second mate, to the stillness of air and water and silent play of summer lighting in nature reflect the world of the novel which is the solemn and silent ship. Essay? The captain and Leggatt must abide by these laws of the world, and in order to maintain this artificial silence imposed upon them, they spoke is soft whispers audible only to each other. The duality theme also exists throughout the novel. However, duality serves a purpose as a factor in the tension and dialectic build up. From the start everything appears in pairs. The title of the novel contains two significant words, who are of equal length, start with the same letter and are nouns. Essay Miranda Right? Further more, the novel is composed of two books.
Also, the opening paragraphs introduce us to the two trees. There are two officers on the deck waiting to welcome the captain to that the ship. An officer remarks that he saw a second ship with the setting sun. The captain and essay, Leggatt are two strangers on k greenleaf a ship. Moreover, there is an uncanny resemblance between the two.
Also, there are two captains in the novel. The end is marked by essay miranda right a comment she's round by the two seamen. Duality throughout the novel serves to show the partnership between Leggatt and the captain. This partnership is formed between opposing characters. As the captain remarked the dual working of my mind distracted me almost to great gatsby the point of insanity . it was very much like being mad, only it was worse because one was aware of it.
The tension formed by this dialectic must be resolved. In order to resolve this problem, the narrator needs to grow up and individuate, to learn how to deal with the opposing force that are tearing him apart. Essay Miranda? The captain realizes that the partnership has served its purpose and american dream thesis statement, has to miranda right end everything was against us in our secret partnership. Thus when it is resolved both of them can seek a new destiny. The theme of darkness tied in with the citing apa, shadow image clusters plays important role in the novel.
As the novel opens the narrator is in a shadow of the sails of the ship. Also, the side of the ship made an opaque belt of shadow on essay miranda right the darkling glassy shimmer of the sea. When Captain meets Leggatt, he is citing in a paper apa, glimmering white in the darkness. A shadowy, dark head, like mine, is used to describe Leggatt. Darkness and shadows are always present when the two are together. The often talk during the night which is the epitome of darkness. Moreover, there is also an inner darkness which is associated with Leggatt's soul. He has killed a man, and that will forever leave a black spot on his soul. The captain knows of essay right Leggatt's actions yet remains strangely detached. Shadows once again come to life at the end of the novel.
The shadow of the land . the very blackness of it describes the island's shadow on american dream thesis the ship. This instance is essay miranda right, significant since the captain is with the crew. If one looks at possible Jungian considerations it becomes evident that it ties in the dialectic of private versus public as well as the rite of passage and journey theme, as well as the hero initiation archetype. In the opening paragraphs one finds many references to the journey home. She floated at the starting point of a long journey.
Also there are some references to rebirth. The river is essay, a symbol of rebirth, and if look on this way conception is right, two weeks ago when the captain got the post, and birth is coming onto citing apa, a ship. Also, he is in a shadow when he comes on board alone, able to reflect on himself. However, when he comes in contact with the crew he becomes a stranger, and puts up a facade in front of them. Essay? This sets up the essay, dialectic between the public and the private world for the captain. He is unable to combine the two. His youth is evident in his inexperienced decisions. The following has to occur to resolve the dialectic.
The captain has to grow up and essay miranda right, explore himself to be able to deal with the two worlds. This also marks the essays nature, first stage of the hero initiation, the separation from the crew. Through a Jungian point of essay right view, the captain puts on a mask for the world demonstrating a dominant persona. Regents Global History? Through individuation he has to explore the shadow of his personality to essay miranda balance the two. Next comes the growth phase. When Leggatt comes on board the captain makes an instant connection with his double. Due to his rash behavior we learn of one can say that Leggatt has a strong shadow to his personality.
Moreover, the captain cannot see Leggatt's head at first adding to the fact that Leggatt is without reason. Through their conversations in the darkness of the night, the dream thesis statement, captain explores his soul. He transforms, grows, goes through individuation and moves along his journey, thus tying in the dialectic and essay miranda, the themes. The dual working of robert k greenleaf essay my mind distracted me almost to the point of insanity reveals that growth did no come effortlessly to the narrator. The ending of the book brings an end to the dialectic, the journey, the rite of passage and hero initiation. At the end of the novel the captain is in the shadow with his crew signifying he is able to right control both his private and the public world. Also, he makes good decisions and saves himself and the crew, showing significant growth as a leader. With these actions he rejoins the crew as a fully functional member thus ending the hero initiation.
Also, the island marks the endpoint of their physical journey as well. Thus, everything comes to an end. The cosmic implications of the book are positive ones. The theme of positive growth and success are evident in the end of the robert k greenleaf essay, novel. All of the dialectics are resolved in a good way.
Also, all the thematic predictions are tied together and fulfilled. I believe I find an underlying Objective Correlative throughout the novel. All of right us have been on the outside looking in sometimes. This is the situation of the captain at the start of thesis his journey. At the end the captain succeeds in his quest, and the reader feels glad that the captain is able to fit in. The reader can relate to the captain's plight, and therefore shares in the joy together with him.
The Secret Sharer written by Joseph Conrad, is a short book that is right, very near perfection. In the opening paragraphs and the title there is not a word wasted. Each of those words serves to great thesis statement forecast the essay miranda right, work in miniature. From the first couple of pages the reader is completely aware of the direction the story is going in. An attentive reader will also notice the themes of duality, darkness, mystery, isolation and silence. He will also notice the dialectics as well as many journey themes both physical and regents essays global, mental. If one play careful attention the book will open a world as one never saw before. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Coursework essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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